Explosiveness (chemistry)

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As explosiveness is known in the blasting and explosive customer the crushing capacity of the explosive . The explosive value according to Kast is the product of the charge density , specific energy and detonation speed (for explosives ) / burning rate (for pyrotechnic sentences ).

Highly explosive explosives include, for example, TNT , nitroglycerin , nitroglycol , hexogen , nitropenta , nitroguanidine , octogen or octanitrocubane . They detonate at a speed of up to 10,000 m / s.

Contaminated black powder, on the other hand, only explodes at approx. 400 m / s. Even so, handling black powder is riskier than most explosives, as it detonates more easily than many modern explosives, which can only be detonated with a primer .

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas M. Klapötke : Chemistry of the high-energy materials . Walter de Gruyter, 2009, ISBN 978-3-11-020745-3 , p. 27 ( limited preview in Google Book search).

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