Brubru strangler

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Brubru strangler


Order : Passerines (Passeriformes)
Subordination : Songbirds (passeri)
Superfamily : Corvoidea
Family : Bush shrike (Malaconotidae)
Genre : Nilaus
Type : Brubru strangler
Scientific name of the  genus
Swainson , 1827
Scientific name of the  species
Nilaus afer
( Latham , 1801)

The Brubruwürger ( Nilaus afer ) is a 15 centimeter large songbird from the family of bushshrike . He is the only representative of the genus Nilaus .


The birds have a white belly plumage, the back is striped black and white. The wings are black and have thick, white, elongated stripes. The plumage under the wings is brownish in color. The legs and the lower half of the beak are gray and the top of the beak is black. The head is white except for the black forehead and an elongated black stripe along the eye area. The back plumage is black with white and brown spots. Outwardly, males and females do not differ from one another.

The subspecies Nilaus afer massaicus

distribution and habitat

The Brubru strangler occurs in the tropical forests, on forest edges and in the savannas of West and East Africa.

Way of life

The birds live in the canopy of tall trees, where they hunt for insects, which they peck from the leaves or catch on the fly. To make contact with the female and to demarcate their territory from other conspecifics, they utter a very loud call bruuu-bruuu , after which they are named.


The female lays 2–7 spotted or striped eggs in a nest, which is in tall trees or bushes. The breeding season is 12 to 18 days, after which the young birds remain in the nest for up to 20 days.


Because of its widespread distribution and that no threats are known for this species, the IUCN classifies this species as ( Least Concern ) harmless.


  • Wilhelm owner (ed.), Erna Mohr: Encyclopedia of the animals. Volume 2, Weltbild, Augsburg 1991, ISBN 978-3-89350-361-2 , pp. 360-361.
  • Christopher Perrins: The Great Encyclopedia of Birds. Pages: 254, 256 Publisher: ORBIS Verlag, Munich 1996 ISBN 3-572-00810-7 .

Web links

Commons : Brubruwürger ( Nilaus afer )  - Collection of images, videos and audio files