Bulgarian Secret Revolutionary Central Committee

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Members of the BGZRK: Panica, Stojanowitsch, Stojanow, Andonow and Rizoff

The Bulgarian Secret Revolutionary Central Committee shortly BGRZK ( Bulgarian Български таен централен революционен комитет shortly БТЦРК ) was a Bulgarian underground organization, which on 22. February 1885 by Zahari Stoyanov , Kosta Panica , Ivan Andonov , Todor Gatew , Ivan Stojanowitsch , Georgi Stranski in Philipp Opel (now Plovdiv ), the capital of the province of Eastern Rumelia (now southern Bulgaria), which was still under Ottoman-Turkish rule .

Through their actions the unification of Bulgaria from the Principality of Bulgaria and the Province of Eastern Rumelia was initiated. Zechari Stoyanov was elected chairman because of his experience in preparing previous uprisings. The members of the organization were called Komitaji (or Komiti).


After the bloody April Uprising of 1876 in Bulgaria, the Russo-Turkish War broke out from 1877–1878, which ended with a victory for Russia and the peace of San Stefano . However, the decisions of San Stefano to create a Bulgarian state within the confines of the Conference of Constantinople were revised by the great powers in the Berlin Congress . Instead of an independent Bulgaria, an autonomous principality of Bulgaria (now Northern Bulgaria) was created. Eastern Rumelia (now southern Bulgaria) remained an autonomous Ottoman province and Macedonia was restored to its pre-war status.


The committee was built on the model of the Inner Revolutionary Organization and aimed at the simultaneous liberation (detachment?) Of Macedonia and Eastern Rumelia from Turkish rule and the amalgamation of all Bulgarian areas. The long-term goal was to create a confederation of all Balkan states. The first step was to take power in the Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia. The preparations for an uprising in Eastern Rumelia were also unofficially supported by the neighboring Principality of Bulgaria .

Preparation and implementation of the association

The BGRZK set September 6, 1885 as the start date for the uprising. For this purpose, revolutionary committees were set up in most of the provincial towns and officers of the provincial militia were recruited as members. In the summer of 1885 an ammunition depot of the East Rumelian militia in Tschirpan was attacked. The weapons should be used for arming the Cheetahs (paramilitary units) of the organization in Macedonia. After the attack was cleared up by the East Rumelian government, the members of the organization were persecuted and convicted.


  • RJ Crampton: A Concise History of Bulgaria. Second Edition, Cambridge University Press 2005, ISBN 0-521-61637-9 .
  • Konstantin Jireček : The Principality of Bulgaria, its soil design, nature, population, economic conditions, intellectual culture, state constitution, state administration and recent history (1891).
  • Hans-Joachim Härtel, Roland Schönfeld: Bulgaria. From the Middle Ages to the present. Regensburg, Friedrich Pustet Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-7917-1540-2 .
  • Nikolaj Ovtscharow : History of Bulgaria. Brief outline. Lettera Verlag, Plovdiv, 2006, ISBN 954-516-584-7 .
  • Claudia Weber : In Search of the Nation: Culture of Remembrance in Bulgaria from 1878-1944. LIT Verlag, Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, 2006, ISBN 3-8258-7736-1 , pp. 92-95.

Individual evidence

  1. Härtel, Schönfeld: Bulgaria - From the Middle Ages to the Present. P. 133: "On February 22nd, 1885 a group of national revolutionaries in Plovdiv founded the" Bulgarian secret revolutionary central committee "(Balgarski taen centralen reviljucionen komitet, BTCRC) under the direction of Zachar Stojanow."