The Hispania Carthaginiensis , also called Hispania Carthaginensis or simply Carthaginiensis (Carthaginensis), was a Roman province on the Iberian Peninsula .
The Carthaginiensis was set up by Emperor Diocletian between 283 and 289 as part of his reform of the provincial division. Diocletian divided the territory of the huge province of Hispania citerior , which was also called Hispania Tarraconensis during the imperial era and comprised the north and east of the Iberian Peninsula, into three provinces:
- the new Tarraconensis with the capital Tarraco ( Tarragona ), which only comprised the northeastern part of the old Tarraconensis
- Callaecia (present-day Galicia and at least western Asturias , maybe also eastern Asturias and Cantabria )
- the new Hispania Carthaginiensis with the capital Carthago Nova ( Cartagena ).
The south of the ancient Hispania citerior and the Balearic Islands belonged to the Carthaginiensis . The northern border ran north of the cities of Segobriga , Segontia (Sigüenza), Uxama ( Osma ), Clunia (Coruña del Conde) and Pallantia ( Palencia ). The boundary to Callaecia was the lower Esla .
This division seems to have continued until the end of Roman rule in the 5th century, but the Balearic Islands became a province in their own right in the late 4th century.
- ↑ Patrick Le Roux: L'armée romaine et l'organization des provinces ibériques d'Auguste à l'invasion de 409 , Paris 1982, p. 364ff.
- ↑ Ángel Montenegro Duque / José María Blázquez Martínez: Historia de España , ed. Ramón Menéndez Pidal / José María Jover Zamora, Vol. 2: España romana , Madrid 1982, pp. 260f .; Claudio Sánchez-Albornoz: Divisiones tribales y administrativas del solar del reino de Asturias en la época romana , in: ders., Orígenes de la nación española , vol. 1, Oviedo 1972, p. 99f. (and map).
- ^ Franz Braun: The development of the Spanish provincial borders in Roman times , Berlin 1909, pp. 126–128.