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Cisgender ( Latin cis- "this side" and English gender "social gender"), also Zisgender , zissexualität or zissexualismus , refers to persons whose gender assigned at the time of birth (sometimes called "midwife sex ") with which they were entered in the birth register ( also birth gender or legal sex) called with their evolving in the early years of gender identity coincides. Cisgender is thus the opposite of transgender (Latin trans- "other side, beyond") and applies to the vast majority of people.

The sexologist Volkmar Sigusch introduced the term cis-sexualism or cis-sexualism in 1991 to express that there must be cis- sexual if there are trans- sexual, and that the coincidence of body sex and gender identity, assumed to be normal, cannot be taken for granted:

“Speaking of cisxuals. If there are transsexuals, then logically there must also be cissexuals. Some are unthinkable without the other. I have allowed myself to introduce the expressions cissexualism, cissexual, cisgender, etc. (Sigusch 1991, 1992, 1995) in order to put the gender-euphoric majority, in which body gender and gender identity seem to naturally coincide, in that dark light in which the objective of Gender binarism, in which nosomorphic gaze and clinical jargon believe to be able to recognize the gender dyphoric minority, namely the so-called transsexuals, with certainty. The Latin cis- means as a prefix: this side. […] The Latin trans- means as a prefix: through, across, across, beyond, beyond - beyond. […] Cissexuals are consequently (from the point of view of the body sex and thus from the cultural bigenus) on this side, transsexuals on the other side. And the neo-logical thing about transsexualism is that it basically shifts its logical counterpart, cissexualism, into the twilight. Since transsexualism proves that gender is also culturally composed and psychosocially mediated, body gender and psychosocial gender identity no longer coincide without question in the case of the "normal", who were previously the only "healthy" people. But that depends on the cultural niche. "

- Volkmar Sigusch : Sexualities: A Critical Theory in 99 Fragments (2013)

There are other colloquial, less common terms for cisgender people, such as "born women / men" or "genetic men / women" or also "bio-man" and "bio-woman", based on "trans man" ("trans man") and "Transfrau" ("Trans-Frau"), which, however, can be perceived as discriminatory. The analogous cisgender pair of terms is "cis-man" and "cis-woman".

See also


  • Joan Roughgarden : Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People. University of California Press, Berkeley et al. a. 2004, ISBN 0-520-24073-1 (English).
  • Volkmar Sigusch : The transsexuals and our nosomorphic view. In: Journal for Sexual Research. Issue 3-4, 1991, pp. 225-256 and 309-343 ( ISSN  0932-8114 ).
  • Volkmar Sigusch: Transsexual desire and cisexual defense. In: Psyche . Volume 49, Issue 9, 1995, pp. 811-837.
  • Volkmar Sigusch: Sexualities: A critical theory in 99 fragments. Campus, Frankfurt am Main / New York 2013, ISBN 978-3-593-39975-1 , p. 244 ff. Chapter # 42 Cissexuals and their defense ( page previews in the Google book search).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. So with Anett Hermann: Career pattern in management: Pierre Bourdieu's social theory as a starting point for a gender-specific consideration. Doctoral thesis Vienna University of Economics and Business 2004. Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag, Wiesbaden 2004, ISBN 978-3-8244-0784-2 , p. 177 ( page preview in Google book search).
  2. a b So at Bärbel Schomers: Coming-out: Queer identities between discrimination and emancipation. PhD thesis University of Bonn 2017. Budrich UniPress, Opladen u. a. 2018 ( page preview in Google Book Search).
  3. For example in Ludger Jansen: The ontology of sex. In: Hella Ehlers, Heike Kahlert u. a. (Ed.): Gender difference - and no end? Social sciences and humanities contributions to gender research (=  gender discussion. Volume 8). Lit, Berlin a. a. 2009, ISBN 978-3-8258-1647-6 , pp. 34–35 ( page preview in Google book search).
  4. a b Axel Schock: Glossary: ​​Everything queer, or what? In: Deutsche AIDS-Hilfe, March 22, 2013, accessed on July 8, 2020.
  5. ^ A b Volkmar Sigusch : Neosexualities: About the cultural change of love and perversion. Campus, Frankfurt am Main / New York 2005, ISBN 3-593-37724-1 , p. 210.
  6. a b Volkmar Sigusch : Sexualities: A critical theory in 99 fragments. Campus, Frankfurt / New York 2013, ISBN 978-3-593-39975-1 , p. 244 ( page preview in the Google book search).
  7. Guidelines for psychological practice with transgender and gender nonconforming people. In: American Psychologist. Volume 70, 2015, p. 32 (English; doi: 10.1037 / a0039906 ).
  8. ^ Pro Familia Hessen: A glossary on the subject of "Sexual Diversity". Frankfurt am Main, March 2015 ( PDF: 115 kB, 5 pages on ).
  9. ^ Ministry for Social Affairs and Integration Baden-Württemberg (Ed.): Lexicon of small differences . 2nd Edition. Stuttgart August 2016. , archived ( Memento from August 7, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  10. ^ B. Lee Aultman: Cisgender . In: TSQ: Transgender Studies Quarterly . tape 1 , no. 1–2 , 2014, ISSN  2328-9252 , pp. 61 , doi : 10.1215 / 23289252-2399614 .
  11. ^ Gary J. Gates: How many people are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender? Williams Institute, Los Angeles April 2011 (English; PDF: 667 kB, 8 pages on ( Memento from March 27, 2017 in the Internet Archive )).
  12. Volkmar Sigusch: The transsexuals and our nosomorphic view. In: Journal for Sexual Research. Issue 3-4, 1991, ISSN  0932-8114 , pp. 225-256 and 309-343.
  13. ^ Volkmar Sigusch: Change of sex. Klein, Hamburg 1992, ISBN 3-922930-07-7 .
  14. ^ Volkmar Sigusch: Change of sex. Red book paperback. Rotbuch, Hamburg 1995, ISBN 3-88022-359-9 .
  15. Anja Kühne: The Queer Lexicon: What does cisgender mean? In: Der Tagesspiegel . January 5, 2016, accessed July 8, 2020 .