D. & W. Henderson & Company

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D. & W. Henderson on a Glasgow harbor plan from 1909

The marine engineering and shipbuilding company D. and W. Henderson and Company existed from 1872 to 1936 at the Clyde .


David and William Henderson initially ran a marine engineering company in Finnieston. Their brothers Thomas and John Henderson were co-owners of the shipping company Anchor Line, operated by Handyside and Henderson .

Tod and MacGregor

After the two company founders David Tod and John MacGregor of the Meadowside Shipyard and the Clyde Foundry died in 1858/59, the two 25 and 18-year-old sons William Tod and David Tod II continued the business. During the completion of existing construction orders, they won their first construction contracts from the shipping company Anchor Line. Their first ship from Meadowside, the United States , was followed by three more construction contracts for Handyside and Henderson over the next three years. From 1867 there were no new orders, and in March of that year the only 34-year-old William died, whereupon David Tod continued the business alone. Even in 1868, only one new building could be delivered, but the order book still included three follow-up orders for the next three years.

In early 1872 the company was converted into a limited company, the new directors of which took over a third of the shares. Later that year, shipowners Handyside and Henderson, along with their brothers David and William Henderson, acquired the Meadowside Shipyard and Clyde Foundry from Tod and MacGregor and renamed them D. & W. Henderson & Company .

As D. & W. Henderson & Company

In the years 1880 to 1900 the shipyard built a number of steamers, including numerous follow-up orders from large shipping companies. The shipping company Anchor Line, co-determined by the Henderson brothers, ordered 32 ships from 1876 to 1911. Another regular customer was the Liverpool shipping company Lamport & Holt , which received 19 ships from the Henderson shipyard. In 1887, for example, ships with a gross volume of 14,500 tons were built. In addition to cargo and passenger ships, racing yachts were also built, such as the Britannia built in 1893 for the Prince of Wales . All four Henderson brothers died between 1892 and 1895.

After the conversion into a limited company on March 30, 1900, David & William Henderson & Co Ltd. The shipyard continued to build passenger and cargo liners until the First World War, 17 of which were intended for Japanese and Chinese shipping companies. A number of British shipping companies were also among the customers during this period. In 1914 the Kalimba was built at the Meadowside Shipyard. She was the lead ship of the type "A" standard trampoline, which was built between 1917 and 1920 at numerous British shipyards. The shipbuilding company Harland & Wolff from Belfast acquired the majority stake in D. & W. Henderson until 1917, but did not take over management until 1919. Under the leadership of Harland & Wolff, another 38 liner and tramp ships were built by 1935. After the construction contracts ran out in the course of the global economic crisis, the bankruptcy followed on April 4, 1935 and it was decided to voluntarily liquidate the shipyard. In 1935, the shipyard in Meadowside suitable for the new construction was sold to the semi-state National Shipbuilders Security . In order to be able to continue using the dry dock in the ship repair business, the subsidiary D. and W. Henderson Limited was founded, which from 1936 continued to operate the dock in Meadowside for Harland and Wolff. During the Second World War, the shipyard was reactivated to build landing craft. D & W Henderson Ltd. was maintained until 1962 and then by Harland & Wolff Ltd. closed. The dry dock that opens into the Kelvin was filled in in 1969. The actual shipyard site with the buildings was later used, among other things, as a storage and shipping area and is now cleared except for an old administration building. A new residential and business district is to be built there as part of the Glasgow Harbor Project.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ D and W Henderson Ltd. In: Scottish Archive Network. Scottish Archive Network, accessed March 31, 2020 (English, Person Code GL909; GB243 / TD44; GB248 / UGD 239/1).

Coordinates: 55 ° 52 ′ 0.4 "  N , 4 ° 18 ′ 31.7"  W.