The site of the Daming Palace ( Chinese 大明宫 遗址 , Pinyin Dàmíng gōng yízhǐ , English Daming Palace Site ) on the Longshou Plain (龙 首 原) north of the city of Xi'an西安市 in the Chinese province of Shaanxi is an archaeological site of one Tangier palace complex. It has been excavated since 1957. It is the largest and most important palace complex in Chang'an City during the Tang Dynasty . The palace was built in the 8th year of the Zhenguan era by Emperor Taizong (634). Since the reign of Emperor Gaozong (ruled 649–683), the palace became the main residence.
It was the largest of the three great palace complexes of Chang'an: the Daming Palace was in the east, the Taiji Palace in the west and the Xingqing Palace in the south.
Behind the Daming Palace, a lake was dug, the Taiye Lake ( Taiye Chi太 液 池, also called Penglai Lake 蓬莱 池Penglai Chi ), and an island, the Penglai Mountain (Penglai Shan 蓬莱 山), erected on which, according to Chinese mythology, the eight immortals are supposed to live. The Daming Palace was temporarily called Penglai Palace ( Penglai gong蓬萊 宮).
The site of Daming Palace ( Daming gong yizhi ) has been on the list of monuments of the People's Republic of China (1-156) since 1961 and has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Silk Roads: the Chang'an Tianshan Road Network since 2014 Corridor .
- Youtube documentary - documentary film about the history of the palace (3D visualization of a reconstruction) and the Tang (English).
- Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor. In: whc.unesco.org. UNESCO World Heritage Center, accessed February 7, 2019 .