Dhū l-Hijah

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Dhū l-Hijah ( Arabic ذُو الحِجّةِ, DMG Ḏū l-Ḥiǧǧa ) is the name of the twelfth and last month in the annual cycle of the Islamic calendar .

The Hajj , from which the name of the month is derived, and the Islamic Festival of Sacrifice take place in Dhū l-Hiddscha . Before the introduction of the Islamic lunar calendar , the month was autumn. Together with the months of Dhu l-qaʿda, Muharram and Rajab , it formed the four holy months. For some Muslims, the sixth and twenty-fifth days of the month are considered negative.

Hajj and Islamic Festival of Sacrifice

The Hajj extends from the 8th to the 13th Dhū l-Hijjah. The individual days are:

  • 8. Dhū l-Hiddscha: “Day of the watering” ( Yaum at-Tarwiya ) after the watering of the mounts in Dhū l-Madschāz, which was customary earlier on that day .
  • 9. Dhū l-Hiddscha: “ʿArafa day” ( yaum ʿArafa ) with sermon and ceremony in the inArafāt plain . Some believers fast on this day.
  • 10. Dhū l-Hijjah: “Day of the slaughter” ( yaum an-naḥr ), on which the pilgrims in Minā offer their sacrifices.
  • 11-13 Dhū l-Hiddscha: “Days of drying meat” ( aiyām at-tašrīq ), which were so named because earlier on these days the pilgrims dried the meat of the slaughtered sacrificial animals in the sun.

The Islamic festival of sacrifice begins on the 10th of Dhū l-Hiddscha and extends over the following two days.

Shiite Ghadīr festival

Another important event for Shiites in Dhu l-Hiddscha is the festival of Ghadir Chumm on the eighteenth of the month. This festival commemorates the role of Ali ibn Abi Talib as the successor of Muhammad .


supporting documents

  1. Cf. on this W. Montgomery Watt; Alford T. Welch: Islam I. Mohammed and the early days, Islamic law, religious life . Stuttgart 1980, pp. 335-340.
  2. Cf. Mohammed Rashed: The Festival of Sacrifice (ʿīd al-aḍḥā) in today's Egypt . Schwarz, Berlin 1998.

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