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The Rajab ( Arabic رجب, DMG Raǧab ) is the seventh month of the Islamic calendar or lunar year . The name is derived from rajaba , which translates as "to respect"; the month is nicknamed al-fard , "the only one".


In Islam, the Rajab is the month of the heavenly journey of the Prophet Mohammed (on the night of the 27th day of the month, see al-Isra ) and is one of the four holy months in the Islamic lunar calendar, but was already considered a holy month with one in pre-Muslim times special meaning: So no feuds should be carried out during the Rajab. The holy months are characterized by the fact that a sin is more serious in them, while a good deed, a fasting day and prayers have more rewards as a consequence, as Ibn Abbas , the companion of the prophet and Koran commentator, also explains:

"(...) He [ Allah ] has declared the four months to be holy (...) and the sins in them as more serious and [made] the good deed and the reward more serious."

- Ibn Abbas

The Rajab is considered a favorable month for carrying out the “little pilgrimage” Umra . In the Lailat ar-raghā'ib at the beginning of the month, the conception of the Prophet was commemorated, especially in the Ottoman Empire. For some, the 11th and 13th days of the month are considered negative days.

In Cairo , Zainab bint Ali was commemorated in the middle of the month ; in Iran , this day was considered the “day of opening”, on which the gates of heaven were opened. In India , the Salar Masʿud was commemorated on any Friday in the month .

Since the Muslim calendar is a lunar calendar, the beginning of the month moves forward eleven days each year. So over the years the Rajab goes through all four seasons.

The name of the month is also common as a first name (Turkish variant: Recep ).


  • ʿAbd Allāh Asʿad ʿAwda: "Risālat al-adab fī Rajab by ʿAlī al-Qāriʾ" in Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 18 (1994) 128–145.
  • Annemarie Schimmel : The Islamic Year. Times and festivals (= Beck's series. Vol. 1441). CH Beck, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-406-47567-1 ( book preview on Google Books ).

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