Dongsha Islands

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Dongsha Islands (Dōngshā Qúndǎo)
NASA image of the atoll
NASA image of the atoll
Waters South China Sea
Geographical location 20 ° 41 ′  N , 116 ° 48 ′  E Coordinates: 20 ° 41 ′  N , 116 ° 48 ′  E
Dongsha Islands (China)
Dongsha Islands
Number of islands 1
Main island Pratas Island
Land area 1.74 km²
total area 100 km²
Residents 200
Flag of the Republic of China on Dongsha
Flag of the Republic of China on Dongsha
Nautical chart from 1946
Nautical chart from 1946
Template: Infobox Atoll / Maintenance / HoeheFehlt

The Dongsha Islands ( Chinese  東 沙 群島  /  东 沙 群岛 , Pinyin Dōngshā Qúndǎo ), also Pratas Islands (or Pratas Reef ), are a group of islands in the South China Sea consisting of an atoll .


The islands are located 400 km southwest of Taiwan and 320 km southeast of Hong Kong . The atoll measures around 23 km in diameter and covers an area of ​​around 100 km². It is largely sunk, only in the west the fringing reef penetrates the water surface and forms with Pratas Island (2.8 km × 0.9 km; 1.74 km²) the only significant land mass.


The islands were occupied by Japan from 1907 to 1909 and from 1939 to 1945 . Today they are under the control of the Republic of China in Taiwan and are inhabited by only about 200 marines stationed there . Administratively, they belong to the Qijin district of the port city of Kaohsiung, about 445 km away . The People's Republic of China claims the islands as a village of the greater community Jieshi (碣石镇) of the city of Lufeng their province Guangdong .

In 2007, the Dongsha Atoll and the surrounding sea areas were given special protection by the government of the Republic of China as the Dongsha National Park . The park has a total area of ​​3537 km².

Sun Yat-sen National University

In 2012, the Dongsha Atoll Research Station (DARS) of the Sun Yat-sen National University of Biology, Biogeochemistry and Oceanography was established.

Individual evidence

  1. 國立 中山大學 東 沙 國際 海洋 研究 站 (Dongsha Atoll Research Station-South China Sea)

Web links