Drug lord

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Drug Baron is the slang term for a person who controls a drug cartel and is involved in the illegal drug trade . Drug barons often escape prosecution, as they typically work in a division of labor and operate in business-like structures with a network of employees in order to conceal their specific contribution to the crime. Another reason is corruption . The evidence is therefore usually the result of carefully planned infiltration, with informants from within the company often being used.

Since the 1970s, criminological research on organized crime (and in a broader sense also on drug lords) has developed, where first the importance of the human capital of drug lords (e.g. individual characteristics) was emphasized, but then their social capital (e.g. B. Information and resource brokers, social status, access to information) has moved into focus.

Internationally known examples are the Colombian Pablo Escobar or Joaquín Guzmán alias " El Chapo " from Mexico.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: drug baron  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Francesco Calderoni: The nature of organized crime leadership: criminal leaders in meeting and wiretap networks . In: Crime, Law and Social Change . 72, March 31, 2020, pp. 419–444.
  2. cf. Klaus von Lampe: History and meaning of the term 'organized crime' , in: Meropi Tzanetakis, Heino Stöver (Ed.): Drugs, Darknet and Organized Crime: Challenges for Politics, Justice and Drug Aid. Baden-Baden: Nomos 2019, pp. 23–49
  3. James Mollison: Escobar: The Drug Baron. Heyne Verlag , German first edition 2009. ISBN 978-3453675766
  4. "El Chapo": drug baron arrives in "Alcatraz of the Rockies" FAZ , July 20, 2019.