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The era , also known as the “Spanish era” ( Latin : Aera Hispanica , abbreviation AH ), is a calendar whose epoch is an unknown event from the year 38 BC. Is. Whether there is a connection with the year Spain was subjugated to Roman rule is unproven, but it is suspected.

Isidore of Seville (7th century) claims in his book "Etymologies" that this event was a (otherwise completely unknown) census of the Emperor Augustus , from which an annual tribute of ore (Latin aes , Gen. aeris = "ore") ) had to be paid.

The era was of great importance in Spain and was used there as well as in Portugal and partly in south-west France, especially under the rule of the Visigoths , in some cases until the 15th century.

The era plays a key role in the (scientifically untenable) theory of the invented Middle Ages , where it is assumed that the era was an artifact of the church and was not actually used in the Middle Ages. It is true that a considerable part of the Visigoth gravestones and church inscriptions with Era dating have been recognized as forged ( Emil Hübner et al.); serious science has no doubts about the existence of this era.