Enrollment rate

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The enrollment rate (also the enrollment rate ) indicates in percent how many children of one age group are enrolled in a country . The enrollment rate is part of the Human Development Index .

In Germany, the school enrollment rate would have to be 100% due to compulsory school attendance , but it can exceed 100% because older pupils who are no longer required to attend school and younger pupils who are not yet required to attend school who have already started school are also included. In sub-Saharan Africa in particular, the school enrollment rate is lower than in industrialized countries. It should be noted here that the proportion of male school starters is higher in these countries. In West and Central Africa it was 57% for girls and 64% for boys, while in South Asia it was 79% for girls and 83% for boys.

The World Bank distinguishes between the gross enrollment rate and the net enrollment rate.

Gross enrollment rate

There are significant differences in the school enrollment rate for women across countries

The gross enrollment rate indicates the proportion of schoolchildren enrolled in one level of education in relation to the total population of the age group relevant for this level. Schoolchildren who are actually too young or too old for this level are also taken into account. This can lead to a gross enrollment rate of over 100%.

Net enrollment rate

In contrast to the gross enrollment rate, the net enrollment rate only takes into account those students of one educational level who are of the age corresponding to this level. The rate corresponds to the proportion of these students in the total number of people in the corresponding age group.

Use in the Human Development Index

The school enrollment rate was used in the old HDI calculation (before 2010) . The HDI measures the human development of a country and not only takes into account economic indicators, but also a variety of aspects. The HDI not only compares the gross domestic product and its distribution, but also life expectancy in a country or the level of education of the population (the level of education was determined, for example, on the basis of the literacy rate and the school enrollment rate).

Individual evidence

  1. Lexicon of Geography Spectrum of Science
  2. ^ Human Development Index , bpb.de
  3. ^ Ralf Krüger: Growth and Distribution Effects of Foreign Direct Investments in Developing Countries, LIT Verlag Münster, 2004, p. 91 Online
  4. Germany: primary school enrollment rate
  5. ^ The Right to Education , Unicef Educational Information .
  6. Marco D'Aprile: The World Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy - Importance of Institutions for Primary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa , Lit Verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3643123015 , pp. 127–128 [1]