Emmanuel Bodjollé

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Emmanuel Bodjollé, 1985
Emmanuel Bodjollé, 1985

Emmanuel Bodjollé (* 1928 ) was the chairman of a nine-member rebel committee in Togo during a 1963 coup.

Bodjollé had been a sergeant major in the French army. He belonged to a group of 30 soldiers who protested against 626 former French soldiers not being accepted into the army or the administration of Togo, contrary to promises to the contrary. On January 13, 1963, Bodjollé headed a nine-member committee that led an uprising of 30 soldiers. Another member of the committee, Etienne Eyadéma (later President Gnassingbé Eyadéma ) shot and killed the first President of Togo, Sylvanus Olympio, at the gate of the US Embassy in Lomé . On January 15, 1963, the military installed Nicolas Grunitzky , who had been Prime Minister before Olympio, as the new ruler. After Bodjollé had been head of Togo for two days, he became chief of the Togolese army.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Jimmy D. Kandeh: Civil-Military Relations . In: Adekeye Adebajo, Ismail Rashid (Ed.): West Africa's Security Challenges . Lynne Riener, Boulder, Colorado 2004, p. 147 (English, archive.org [accessed on August 16, 2020]).
  2. Marcel Vogelbacher: The coup in Togo. In: dodis.ch. January 16, 1963, accessed August 16, 2020 .
  3. ^ Death at the gate . In: Time Magazine . January 25, 1963 (English, time.com ).
  4. Chuka Onwumechili: African democratization and military coups . Greenwood, 1998, ISBN 0-275-96325-X , pp. 53 .
  5. Marcel Vogelbacher: Inaugural visit to Togo from July 17-19, 1963. In: dodis.ch. July 20, 1963, p. 2 , accessed August 16, 2020 .