Euphorbia alfredii

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Euphorbia alfredii
Euphorbia alfredii4 ies.jpg

Euphorbia alfredii

Family : Spurge Family (Euphorbiaceae)
Subfamily : Euphorbioideae
Tribe : Euphorbieae
Sub tribus : Euphorbiinae
Genre : Spurge ( Euphorbia )
Type : Euphorbia alfredii
Scientific name
Euphorbia alfredii

Euphorbia alfredii is a species of the genus milkweed ( Euphorbia ) in the family of the milkweed family(Euphorbiaceae).


The succulent Euphorbia alfredii is a columnar euphorbie . Their upright club-cylindrical main shoot is unbranched and has a diameter of up to 4 cm. The color is gray-green, with young shoots being dark green and later lignified. Its bark cracks open lengthways. It has no thorns and during the growing season it bears scaly leaves at the end of the main shoot . The ready oval leaves are glossy green and slightly hairy to hairless. They are up to 7 cm long, 3 cm wide and have a short stalk. The stipules are transformed into elongated humps.

The flowers appear before the leaves at the tip of the shoot. The cyathia are pendulous with spreading brownish to olive green cyathophylls with a weak tip.

Similar species

Euphorbia alfredii is similar to Euphorbia ankarensis , although this has clearly hairy leaves and its cyathophylls are pointed and have a pale pink color.


Euphorbia alfredii is endemic to northwest Madagascar . There it grows on limestone in dry forests . The species is on the IUCN Red List and is considered endangered (Vulnerable).


Individual evidence

  1. Euphorbia alfredii in the endangered Red List species the IUCN 2010. Posted by: Haevermans, T., 2004. Accessed April 14 of 2010.

Web links

Commons : Euphorbia alfredii  - album with pictures, videos and audio files