Euphorbia caducifolia is a species of the genus spurge ( Euphorbia ) in the family of Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae).
The succulent Euphorbia cactus forms shrubs up to 2 meters high, which branch out from the base. The approximately stem-round shoots are spread out and upright and are up to 5 centimeters thick. They are covered with flat warts, which are arranged in spiral rows on the shoot. The egg-shaped leaves are very different and are up to 9 centimeters long and 4 centimeters wide, but can often be much smaller. The edges are either smooth or slightly curled. They are sedentary and ephemeral. The little thorn shields are blackish. Thorns up to 9 millimeters long are formed.
The inflorescence consists of one to three common and simple cymes , which stand on strong, up to 5 millimeter long stems and are reddish in color. The cyathia reach about 5 millimeters in diameter. The elongated nectar glands butt against each other. The clearly lobed fruit is bright red in color and is up to 12 millimeters in size. It contains the 3 millimeter large seeds, which are spherical and have a smooth surface.
Distribution and systematics
Euphorbia caducifolia is widespread in Central India as far as Pakistan .
The species was first described in 1914 by Henry Haselfoot Haines .
- Urs Eggli (ed.): Succulent lexicon. Dicotyledons (dicotyledons) . Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8001-3915-4 , pp. 125 .
- ^ Indian Forester. Volume 40, number 4, p. 154. Allahabad 1914