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The Galtscha or mountain Tajiks (own name: Todschik ) live in the Darwas and Karategin Mountains east of Dushanbe in Tajikistan . They speak a Tajik dialect . If they were listed as a separate ethnic group in earlier censuses, they are now counted among the Tajiks again.


The Galtscha are descendants of Tajiks , who avoided invading Uzbeks in the mountains in the 15th century . Since then, their culture and way of life as mountain farmers , which now corresponded to their new settlement area, differed from the rest of the Tajiks. Until the end of the 19th century, the Galtscha were mostly under the rule of the emirs of Bukhara and Kokand . Then their area came under Russian rule until Tajikistan declared itself independent in 1991.

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