In psychology, counter-dependency describes a form of subjective psychological dependence : the dependent counter-reaction - such as defiance, rebellion, parentified presumption, etc. - results from the needs of an individual, a group or a social movement .
According to the group dynamic model of position dynamic positions ( Schindler 1957), in groups the member who occupies the omega position is often in opposition to the alpha position. A sub-phase of counter-dependency sometimes arises after a phase of dependence.
Counter-dependence (codependency) in psychotherapy
In social relations of counter-sensing (Co-dependents) often opponent or complementary partner of is co-dependent . Mentally ill people who seek the counter-dependent role of “critical parents” in their therapist expect countertransference from the respective therapist. If the therapist or social worker takes on the counter-dependent position ( “better parents” ), this has a counterproductive effect on those seeking help.
- Klaus Antons: Claims autonomy - the group "Alf". In: Understanding group processes. Group dynamic research and practice, Opladen 2001, p. 132.
- Cf. Rainer Fliedl, Maria Majce-Egger: Group models. In: Group Therapy and Group Dynamics. Dynamic group psychotherapy , Vienna 1999, p. 106 ff.
- Reinhard T. Krüger: Disorder-specific psychodrama therapy. Theory and practice. Göttingen 2015, p. 518 ff.
- Nicholas Jenner, 2013: When Co-dependency becomes Counter-dependency ( Memento of the original from January 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- George A. Kelly: The Psychology of Personal Constructs. Vol. II. Clinical Diagnosis and Psychotherapy. Oxford 2003, p. 81: "The therapist who cannot adequately construe his client within a set of professional constructs runs the risk of transferring his own dependencies upon the client."
- Cf. Manfred Clemenz: Psychoanalytic (group-analytical) group self-awareness in groups with homogeneous occupations. In: Psychoanalysis in further education. For the professionalization of social work. Opladen 1992, p. 18.