Parishes in the Philippines
As of March 31, 2011 there are 1496 municipalities.
Local administrative units such as municipalities are largely autonomous from the central government of the Republic of the Philippines. The Local Government Code of 1991, passed in 1991, gives them the ability to determine their own economic, industrial and political development. In this law the municipalities are given corporate character, which enables them to exercise government functions within their area of responsibility, to decide their own policies, to pass local laws and to put them into effect. They can enter into legal transactions with the private sector through their elected and employed officials. They are tasked with putting national and local law into force. The national government supports and monitors the municipal governments and ensures that they do not violate national law. Local governments have their own branches of legislative and executive branches and control over these important branches of state power . However, the judiciary is entirely at the national level.
A municipality is the mayor ( mayor out). The legislature consists of the vice-mayor ( vice-mayor ; Filipino : bise-mayor ) and eight councilors ( councillors ; Filipino: kagawad or kosehal ). The eight councilors and the president of the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) (youth council) and the president of the Liga ng mga Barangay form the Sangguniang Bayan (municipal council). All members are elected officials whose term of office lasts three years and who may be re-elected a maximum of three times in a row.
The vice-mayor is the chairman of the legislature, but may not take part in votes unless there is a tie. Laws and ordinances are approved by the mayor or rejected by veto.
A community that exceeds a certain size has the opportunity to become a city . To do this, a bill must first be passed by Congress , which becomes law with the signature of the President . This is submitted to a referendum, in which the population of a municipality can accept or reject the law. One advantage of city law is that city governments have a higher budget to spend, but they also have to pay higher taxes than municipalities.
Classification according to public revenue
Municipalities are divided into classes according to their public revenues. The following applies here according to the average annual income for the last three calendar years:
- 1. Income class
- 55,000,000 ₱ or more.
- 2nd income class
- 45,000,000 ₱ or more but less than ₱ 55,000,000.
- 3rd income class
- 35,000,000 ₱ or more but less than ₱ 45,000,000.
- 4. Income class
- ₱ 25,000,000 or more but less than ₱ 35,000,000.
- 5th income class
- ₱ 15,000,000 or more but less than ₱ 25,000,000.
- 6th income class
- Under ₱ 15,000,000
- NSCB press release: One Barangay Created in the First Quarter of 2011 ( Memento of the original dated December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- See DEPARTMENT ORDER No. 23-08 ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on Jul 29, 2008