|Official language in||Philippines|
|ISO 639 -1||
|ISO 639 -2||
Filipino ( Tagalog Wikang Filipino , language of the Philippines ) is the official name of a language level of Tagalog as the official and national language of the Philippines . The aim of the Commission for the Filipino Language (Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino) is to establish Filipino as a pluricentric language that serves as a means of communication between ethnic groups. In fact, there are almost no lexical or grammatical influences from other Filipino languages besides Tagalog in Filipino .
In the time before the Spanish colonization there was no uniform language in the Philippines. In the course of foreign rule, Spanish developed into the lingua franca . The constitution passed by the Katipunan Liberation Movement established Tagalog as the official language in 1897.
The constitution of 1935, which was written under the dictates of the United States, declares in Article XIV the continued existence of English and Spanish as national languages, combined with an effort to develop a national language based on the native languages. Following this mandate, on November 13, 1937, Commonwealth Act No. In 184 the Institute for the National Language (Surian ng Wikang Pambansa) was founded to investigate which regional language can best serve as a basis for developing a national language. On December 13, 1937 Tagalog - according to the CA No. 184 criteria - established by ordinance by President Manuel L. Quezon as this basis.
In 1959, the name Pilipino was introduced in order to achieve greater acceptance among non-Tagali ethnic groups. The 1973 constitution confirms Pilipino as the national language, but at the same time includes the request to develop a general national language Filipino. In the constitution, which has been in force since 1987, Filipino is declared as the official national language of the Philippines alongside English. The local languages are given the status of “complementary” official languages.
In the course of the Spanish colonization, the Latin alphabet with Spanish phonetic values was introduced into the Filipino languages in the 16th century. During the development of the national language based on the Tagalog, Lope K. Santos wrote the Balarila ng Wikang Pambansa (1940) and introduced the abakada with 20 letters, in which only one letter represents a meaningful sound of this language. The 20 letters of the abakada are abkdeghilmn ng oprstuwy . In 1976 the alphabet consisted of 31 letters including the 26 letters of the English alphabet plus the Spanish letters ñ , ll , rr and ch and the Tagali ng . In actual use, however, the digraphs are considered to be the two letters that make them up. In 1987 the alphabet was revised again by removing the rr , ll and ch from Spanish , leaving 28 letters.
Phonology, morphology, grammar
- HP Kelz, HF Samson: Dictionary Filipino-German German-Filipino . ISBN 3-427-62014-X
- RM Cena, RMD Nolasco: Gramatikang Filipino: balangkasan . University of the Philippines Press, 2011, ISBN 978-971-542-656-5 .
- Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino: Ortograpiyang pambansa . Manila 2014, ISBN 978-971-019-733-0 .
- A small Filipino dictionary (German - English - Filipino)
- Filipino language syntax - Palaugnayan ng Wikang Filipino. urn : nbn: de: bsz: 14-qucosa-127837
- Resolusyon Blg 92-1. Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, accessed April 12, 2015 .
- Peter Julian: New center to document Philippine dialects. (No longer available online.) Philippine Daily Inquirer, archived from the original on May 22, 2014 ; Retrieved April 12, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Article VIII: Official Language . Provisional Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines, 1897 ( Wikisource )
- 1935 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 12, 2015 .
- Commonwealth Act No. 184 (PDF) Retrieved April 12, 2015 .
- Executive Order No. 134. Retrieved April 12, 2015 .
- Andrew Gonzalez: The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines. In: Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 19, 1998, p. 487, doi: 10.1080 / 01434639808666365 .
- Article VIII: Official Language . Constitution of the Philippines, 1973 ( Wikisource )
- Language . Constitution of the Philippines, 1987 ( Wikisource )
- Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino: Ortograpiyang pambansa , 2014, p. 2,4