Graham Farquhar

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Graham Farquhar

Graham Douglas Farquhar (born December 8, 1947 in Hobart , Tasmania ) is an Australian plant physiologist and biophysicist who is particularly concerned with the biophysics of photosynthesis .

Farquhar grew up on a farm. He studied at the Australian National University (ANU) with a bachelor's degree in 1968 (B. Sc.) And at the University of Queensland with a bachelor's degree in biophysics in 1969. He received his doctorate in 1973 from the Australian National University. As a post-graduate student , he was at Michigan State University's Plant Research Laboratory , where he stayed until 1976. He was then a Research Fellow at the ANU, from 1980 Senior Research Fellow and Fellow and from 1988 Professor. In 2003 he became a Distinguished Professor.

Farquhar develops process-based models for photosynthesis in plants that make it possible to predict the exchange of carbon dioxide between plants and the environment, which is important for research into climate change. He also developed models of the distribution of the stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen during photosynthesis and transpiration . He studied the effects of climate change on crops, including the development of wheat varieties that require less water.

In 2017 he received the Kyoto Prize . He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Sciences , Officer of the Order of Australia (2013) and a Fellow of the Royal Society . He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences . In 2016 he received the Macfarlane Burnet Medal from the Australian Academy of Sciences and in 2015 he received the Australian Prime Minister's Science Award. In 2011 he received a Humboldt Research Award .

In 2018, he was named Senior Australian of the Year for his contributions to protecting food supplies in the face of climate change.

Fonts (selection)

  • with SC Wong, IR Cowan: Stomatal conductance correlates with photosynthetic capacity , Nature, Volume 282, 1979, pp. 424-426.
  • with S. von Caemmerer, JA Berry: A biochemical model of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in leaves of C3 species , Planta, Volume 149, 1980, pp 78-90.
  • with TD Sharkey: Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis , Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol., Vol. 33, 1982, pp. 317-345.
  • with JR, Ehleringer, KT Hubick: Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis , Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Mol. Biol., Vol. 40, 1989, pp. 503-537
  • with J. Lloyd, JA, Taylor, LBFlanagan, JP Syvertsen, KT Hubick, SC Wong, JR Ehleringer: Vegetation effects on the isotopic composition of oxygen in atmospheric CO2 , Nature, Volume 363, 1993, pp. 439-443.
  • with JA Lloyd, LB Flanagan, JP Syvertsen, KT Hubick, SC Wong, JR Ehleringer: Vegetation effects on the isotopic composition of oxygen in atmospheric CO2 , Nature, Volume 363, 1993, pp. 439-443.
  • with BK Henry, JM Styles: A rapid on-line technique for determination of oxygen isotope composition of nitrogen-containing organic matter and water , Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, Volume 11, 1997, pp. 1554-1560.
  • DGG de Pury: Simple scaling of photosynthesis from leaves to canopies without the errors of big-leaf models , Plant, Cell & Env., Volume 20, 1997, pp. 537-557.
  • with ML Roderick: The cause of decreased pan evaporation over the last 50 years , Science, Volume 298, 2002, pp. 1410-1411. PMID 12434057
  • with GJ Rebetzke, AG Condon, RA Richards: Selection for reduced carbon isotope discrimination increases aerial biomass and grain yield of rainfed bread wheat , Crop Science, Volume 42, 2002, pp. 739-745.
  • with T. June, JR Evans: A simple new equation for the reversible temperature dependence of photosynthetic electron transport: a study on soybean leaf , Functional Plant Biology, Volume 31, 2004, pp. 275-283.
  • with LA Cernusak: On the isotopic composition of leaf water in the non-steady state , Functional Plant Biology, Volume 32, 2005, pp. 293-303
  • with tJ. Masle, SR Gilmore: The ERECTA gene regulates plant transpiration efficiency in Arabidopsis , Nature, Volume 436, 2005, pp. 866-870
  • with G. Tcherkez, TJ Andrews: Despite slow catalysis and confused substrate specificity, all ribulose bisphosphate carboxylases may be nearly perfectly optimized , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, Volume 103, 2006, pp. 7246-7251
  • with RJ Donohue, ML Roderick, TR McVicar: Impact of CO2 fertilization on maximum foliage cover across the globe's warm, arid environments , Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 40, 2013, pp. 3031-3035.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sally White, Canberra biophysicist Graham Farquhar the 2018 Senior Australian of the Year , Canberra Times, January 25, 2018