Hand finishing

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Shoot after grafting

Hand finishing , also table finishing or room finishing , is the finishing of plants on excavated documents .

Use of words

To avoid misunderstandings, hand finishing should actually be called “finishing in hand”, because most finishing processes are still carried out by hand. It would not be wrong if by hand finishing one meant hand finishing, i.e. using the term handwork. This would be a contrast to machine refinement which is common in viticulture . In the technical jargon of gardeners and farmers, however, “hand finishing” refers exclusively to the process described here.

Advantages of hand finishing

Hand finishing is a process with which plants are processed indoors, in contrast to outdoor processing . It can be refined in deep winter under pleasant working conditions for the gardeners. The grafted plant is only put outdoors later.

It is mainly used in professional tree nurseries and in agriculture. With winter hand grafting, the otherwise “dead season” of deep winter can be used for grafting and the otherwise usual time (early spring, before budding) for other work. Successful growth can also be awaited.


In late autumn or winter - in open weather , when the ground is not frozen - the roots are cleared (dug up), the roots cut back halfway and pounded into moist soil. Protected from drying out, the documents in a cool but frost-free area (mostly cold storage stored).

For refinement, the documents are freed from the earth again and refined with bare roots using the method chosen (in professional operations currently almost exclusively copulation or goat's foot plug ). The grafted plant is then held upside down, and the upper part is dipped in vine grafting wax beyond the grafting point . Then the plants are pounded back into moist soil and stored in the cold room until spring. If no more major frosts are to be expected, planting out in the open can be started.

Field processing

A gardener grafts a fruit tree in the open air of a nursery

The counterpart to hand finishing is classic outdoor grafting: With this, rootstock plants that are rooted in the ground are grafted directly on site.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Hand finishing. In: Garden Glossary. Tina's Garden, accessed April 2, 2008 .