Heinrich I of Burgau

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Heinrich I. von Burgau († probably April 15, 1242) was called Heinrich III. Count von Berg based at Berg Castle near Ehingen (Danube) and, as Heinrich I, the first margrave of the Burgau margraviate from the Berg family.


Heinrich's earliest mention is recorded in the Wettenhauser Homiliar when he and his parents agreed to exchange goods with this monastery in 1205. Heinrich III appears in the copy of a deed of purchase of the Salem Monastery (later: Reichsabtei Salem ) from approx. 1211 to before April 2, 1212 (Fischershausen near Wiblingen ). von Berg for the first time as Count Heinrich (I) von Burgau.

Heinrich's father was Count Ulrich I von Berg and his mother Adelheid was a daughter of Margrave Heinrich von Ronsberg . With the death of her brother Berthold on April 2, 1212, the Ronsberg margraves died out in the male line and the title was transferred to Adelheid's son Heinrich.

In a deed of donation by Count von Dillingen Hartmann IV. For the Kaisheim monastery, dated between July 1214 and September 1216 , Heinrich I is already referred to as Margrave of Burgau. On April 28, 1215, Heinrich I was named Margrave von Berg in two documents from Bishop Konrad von Konstanz . Only after 1219 does it appear regularly with the attribute of Burgau .

The origin of his wife Adelheid cannot be proven with certainty. Several indications suggest that she was a daughter of the noble von Schelklingen last mentioned in 1184 . Margrave Heinrich was mentioned as the owner of this estate from October 1234 and documented this in Schelklingen on January 11, 1240 with his wife and two sons, whereby his son Ulrich later called himself Count von Berg-Schelklingen.

From 1213 Heinrich I was present several times at court meetings of King Friedrich II and followed him to Italy in 1225. He accompanied his son King Henry VII in 1232 to Cividale del Friuli and appears in a series of documents that Emperor Frederick II issued in Udine . Although Henry I appeared repeatedly at the court of King Henry VII from the middle of 1231 and was long regarded as his sympathizer, the margrave stayed in the decisive phase (1234/35) from the disputes between Emperor Frederick II and his rebellious son Henry VII . out. A persistent dispute over possession and bailiwick of the church of Kirchbierlingen (near Berg), today's district of Ehingen (Danube) , with the Marchtal monastery is documented in a dozen documents from April 1215 to March 10, 1254. After the death of Margrave Heinrich I, Count Ulrich II. As heir to the possessions around Berg was still concerned with these differences from 1242, in which the Bishop of Constance repeatedly intervened. On June 28, 1241, Margrave Heinrich I was mentioned for the last time in a deed of donation in which Count Ludwig III. von Öttingen called his father-in-law. He died before May 15, 1242, according to the necrology of the Kaisheim Monastery, probably on April 15, 1242.

The margraviate of Burgau (-Berg) was divided between his sons: Count Ulrich II. Von Berg received the ancestral lands of von Berg west of the Iller and Holzheim (Krs. Neu-Ulm), Margrave Heinrich II. Von Burgau the areas east of the Iller Burgau. A lily was added to the previous coat of arms and seal of the Margraviate of Burgau (-Berg) in the divided Margraviate of Burgau. Heinrich I's widow Adelheid last documented it on March 19, 1252 with an anniversary foundation for herself and her husband at the Kaisheim monastery.

In addition to the two sons, the margrave couple had three daughters according to the sources: Sofia was with Ulrich III. von (Gundelfingen-) Hellenstein and probably his second marriage to Count Gottfried III. from Löwenstein (near Heilbronn). A daughter of unclear name was the wife of Count Hugo II of Montfort. A third daughter, whose name is also not mentioned, was the wife of Count Ludwig III. from Öttingen.


  • Immo Eberl: The Counts of Berg, their domain and their noble families . In: Communications of the Association for Art and Antiquity in Ulm and Oberschwaben, 44, 1982, pp. 29–171 ; Regesten about this in: Communications from the Association for Art and Antiquity in Ulm and Oberschwaben, 45/46, 1990, pp. 9–55 .
  • Philipp Jedelhauser: Contributions to the beginning and end of the rule of the Margraves of Burgau from the Berg family. 2nd revised edition, Krumbach, 2017, pp. 22–41.