Henriette Lustig (born Marie Frederique Adelaide Bock , born February 3, 1808 in Cöpenick ; † November 23, 1888 there ) was a German laundress and entrepreneur and founder of the laundry trade . She became known under the name Mother Lustig .
Henriette Lustig was born Marie Frederique Adelaide Bock in 1808 in what was then the city of Köpenick (since 1920 administrative district of Berlin ). Her parents' house is still (as of 2012) at Alter Markt 4, where the Berlin plaque in honor of the entrepreneur is attached. Henriette Lustig bought the house from her father in 1859 for 2,150 thalers and in 1879 - after the currency reform of 1873 - sold it to her son-in-law for 21,000 marks .
Lustig founded the first laundry in Köpenick in 1835 , from which a service industry later developed. The location on the Köpenicker Spree was suitable because the water had a lower degree of water hardness and the meadows could be used for bleaching and drying. Over the years, the Berlin customer base grew, so that laundry was also transported with a dog cart or, later, a team of horses .
The number of small and medium-sized laundries in town increased, so that the competition also grew. In 1900, 4,000 washerwomen worked in 87 laundries. One of the biggest competitors was the entrepreneur Julius Spindler . As early as 1882, its laundry and dye works had 1,500 workers and operated 35 branches throughout Germany .
Due to the innovations in laundry care, such as soda, starch, bleach, hand irons or mangles , Henriette Lustig could not keep up with the other companies. She could just barely pay her laundry maids their wages.
Henriette Lustig is said to have had 17 children. When the will was established in 1871, however, only eight adult children were recorded, all of them artisans and workers. Their daughters were married and named without a profession of their own. The laundry was continued by one of her daughters and later by a granddaughter until 1965.
In Köpenick there is a monument by Karl-Günter Möpert with the title washerwoman . This was set up in the early 1980s. It shows a squatting figure of a strong woman.
- Corinna Weidner, Max Hiller: Berlin Water Worlds . Grebennikov Verlag, 2011, ISBN 978-3-941784-14-7 , Chapter 15: Dahme-Spree Route Süd-Ost , p. 154–155 ( limited preview in Google Book Search [accessed October 4, 2012]).
- Women Biography Research. Retrieved October 4, 2012 .
- Corinna Weidner, Max Hiller: Berliner Wasserwelten . 2011, p. 154-155 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Bock, Marie Frederique Adelaide (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German entrepreneur, founder of the laundry business|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 3, 1808|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Cöpenick|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 23, 1888|
|Place of death||Cöpenick|