Heqdesh , also Heḳdesh or Heḳdesch , ( Hebrew הֶקְדֵּש, Plural: הֶקדֵּשוֹת, heqdešōt / Heqdeschoth / Heḳdeschoth; "das Geweihte", charitable foundation ), Germanized Heckhaus , is the outdated term for a Jewish hospital and poor hospital .
In Germany and Austria , the Heqdeschoth, often also called Jewish hospitals, emerged in the late Middle Ages and in the early modern period as alternatives to the Christian hospices , in which Jews were not admitted or prevented from observing their ritual regulations.
- Meyers Konversations-Lexikon , Volume 8, p. 345; Leipzig 1887
- Karl Baas : Jewish hospitals in the Middle Ages , monthly for the history and science of Judaism 1911 Compact Memory .
- W. Hanauer: Festschrift for the inauguration of the new hospital of the Israelite community in Frankfurt am Main ; Hoffmann 1914
- Manfred Stürzbecher: From the history of the Jewish hospital in Berlin , Historia Hospitalium, special issue 1970.
- Christoph Maria Leder: The border crossings of Marcus Herz: Profession, attitude and identity of a Jewish doctor ... , p. 122 ff; Munich Contributions to Folklore 2007; ISBN 978-3-8309-1857-8