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Portal planing machine for metalworking

Planing machines are used for both wood and metal processing.


In metalworking , planing creates flat or curved surfaces. As tools are planing tools used. In contrast to the shock machine the workpiece takes the place of the chisel cutting motion . This means that long cuts can also be achieved. The disadvantage is the high power requirement, which is caused by the reversal accelerations of the table and workpiece mass and the return of the workpiece, the idle stroke . This type of processing is more uneconomical than others and is increasingly being replaced by these methods - mostly milling . In addition, the oscillating movement of the workpiece slide is more complex in terms of drive technology.


There are various planing machines for woodworking, with which solid wood is processed almost without exception:

  • The surface planer for leveling and smoothing rough-sawn boards and scantlings (dressing), creating angular edges and joining scantlings for width gluing
  • the thickness planer for planing the dressed workpieces to the desired thickness
  • the multi-side planing machine with which four sides of a workpiece can be processed at the same time, sometimes also with profiles
  • the hand planer


  • Josef Grossma: Commercial knowledge of woodworking for schools and practice. Volume II, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, Wiesbaden 1924.
  • Friedrich Schwerd: Cutting machine tools. Basics and constructions, Springer Verlag, Berlin Göttingen 1956.
  • J. Gillrath: Woodworking machines and woodworking at home and abroad. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH, Berlin Heidelberg 1929.

See also

Web links

Commons : Planers  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Planing machine  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations