Ionic mode

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Pictorial representation of the Ionic scale. ( Explanation )

The Ionic mode (Latin Ionicus mode , named after the tribe of the Ionians ), Ionian for short, is one of the authentic modes added to the system of church modes by Glarean in the 16th century , along with Aeolian . In the extended system of church tones (consisting of twelve keys) , Ionic is the eleventh tone (characterized by the ambitus cc 1 , the repercussa g and the finalis c). Our today's major scale emerged from the Ionic scale . In this scale there is a semitone step between the third and fourth as well as the seventh and eighth steps , the other intervals are whole steps . The twelfth tone is called the Hypoionic mode and differs from the ionic by an ambitus Gg. Examples of the use of the ionic mode are the Christmas carol Vom Himmel hoch, da ich hier ich ( Martin Luther , 1539) or the folk song Drei Laub auf einer Linden (1540). In the hypoionic mode z. B. I cry out to you in distress .

In modal jazz , the term Ionic is occasionally used in the context of the modal scales instead of major .

Sheet music sample

The key of C-Ionian contains the original notes of Western music, which the white keys correspond to on keyboard instruments . Scale in C-Ionic with marked semitone steps:

C major scale

Audio sample

Audio file / audio sample C-Ionian scale ? / i

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Johann Gottfried Walther : Musical Lexicon [...]. Wolffgang Deer, Leipzig 1732, p. 414 ( XI. Jonicus Modus ... Jonische Singart )