Islam Law 2015
State-recognized Islamic religious communities in Austria and thus corporations under public law are the Islamic Faith Community in Austria (IGGiÖ) and the Alevi Faith Community in Austria (ALEVI), with whom both the Ministry of Integration and the Ministry of Education conducted negotiations.
In the new law, Austrian law takes precedence over Islamic religious rules. Muslims in Austria have to submit to domestic legislation and "cannot refer to religious-social regulations or doctrine in the obligation to comply with general state norms". In addition, “a positive basic attitude towards society and the state” is required for Islamic religious societies; a provision that can already be found in the Confessional Communities Act of 1998 without restriction to Islamic religious communities.
Section 6 calls for the "means for ordinary activities to satisfy the religious needs of its members" to be raised domestically. According to § 14, Islamic religious communities must in future dismiss imams and other officials if they have been sentenced to a term of imprisonment of one year or more, or if “their behavior endangers public safety, order, health and morality or the rights and freedoms of others”.
The Islam Act stipulates that for the right of Muslims to religious support in the armed forces , in prisons, as well as in hospitals and nursing homes, only people who have completed an Islamic-theological degree or an equivalent education and have German language skills at Matura level are eligible as pastors . In addition, Islamic dietary regulations, which are set out in the halal regulations, are expressly recognized, including the legalization of slaughtering .
Reception and impact
Even in the preparatory phase, the law led to some heated controversy. Political scientist Farid Hafez spoke of “institutionalized Islamophobia ” in this context , while FPÖ boss Heinz-Christian Strache described the planned ban on foreign funding as a “ placebo ”. In a discussion between the retired law professor Richard Potz and the professor for Islamic religious education Ednan Aslan , Potz emphasized the necessity of a new Islam law, but at the same time criticized the mixture of religious, security and police law and emphasized that individual passages were unconstitutional. On this occasion Aslan spoke of "Chances to emancipate oneself from the previously dominant sphere of influence of non-European states and to live an Islam with European characteristics".
On June 8, 2018, Federal Chancellor Sebastian Kurz announced that he wanted to close seven mosques and expel 60 of the 260 Turkish imams for violating the Islamic Law. The Chancellor described this as "measures against political Islam". Ibrahim Kalin , spokesman and advisor to the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan , announced that the planned measures “reflect the Islamophobic, racist and discriminatory wave in this country”.
- Austria gets a new Islam law Wiener Zeitung, February 25, 2015