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With Kommenda ( Italian comme dare , "trust"; German  broadcasting company ) referred to in the Middle Ages, a time-limited, as a rule of company for the settlement of Seehandelsgeschäften .

History of origin

It first appeared in Venice in May 1072. A producer or investor commissioned a commission agent , who could also be the ship's master, to sell goods at an overseas location. The client ( commendant ) bore the risk of the goods perishing in this transaction. The contractor handling the sale ( Traktator or Kommendatar ) acted in his own name, but for the account of the client. He could participate in the profit or carry out the business for a fixed fee ( commission ). A commander was able to conclude contracts with several commanders in order to share the risk and to utilize the ship's capacity. The Kommenda was widespread in the western Mediterranean region ( Spain , southern France , Italy ). It is considered the forerunner of today's limited partnership to which it gave its name.


  • Josef Kulischer: General economic history of the Middle Ages and modern times , Munich, Berlin 1928, reprint Oldenbourg, Munich 1971

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Hattenhauer, European Legal History , 1999, p. 268 f.