A correction (Latin correctura - "that to be corrected" from Latin corrigere - "straighten, correct") is generally a subsequent change to an object that only affects a comparatively small part and serves as an improvement measure.
When correcting texts, a distinction can be made between content changes ( editing , see editing ) and formal changes ( proofreading , see proofreader ). Corrections of errors in texts by an editor are called emendations . The entirety of the corrections to be made or made to printed matter is called a corrigendum or errata .
The correction of images is generally referred to as image processing and, in the case of simple improvements, as retouching .
Correctio is a self-correction as a linguistic tool .
Correction is also the evaluation of academic work, exams or school performance records, see exam correction .
Correction is also used in a figurative sense, for example for changes to the human body such as lifting in plastic surgery .
In the financial markets , short price drops are called corrections.
A corrective is a change (e.g. surcharge / discount in an invoice) to correct something for the better. Examples of this are medical and political measures.
- Markus Bohnensteffen: Correction of errors. Teacher- and learner-related studies on error didactics in English teaching in upper secondary level. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 2010, ISBN 978-3-631-61293-4 .
- Hans Widmann : Reading Infinite Corrections. In: Archives for the history of the book industry. Volume 5. 1964, pp. 777-826.
- Correction and assessment of written exams (accessed October 26, 2015)