from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Serving is called the pouring out, offering of drinks and food, formerly also generally the handing over in a solemn form.

Food and drinks intended for the king or prince first had to be tasted beforehand. The taster was originally the Truchsess , also known as the Seneschal , who, as the head of the court (“the one who was in charge of the entourage”), was also responsible for the kitchen. If they were then presented to the ruler after the rehearsal, the ruler could now believe - in Latin credere  - that the food and drinks that were subsequently “served” to the prince were not poisoned.


German written certificates relating to the vending machine can be proven up to the 14th century. The outdated spelling credenzen was used in the sense of preliminary tasting of food and drinks, but also in a figurative sense (obscenely concealing) for checking the virginity of women. In the Thuringian-Erfurt chronicle of Konrad Stolle from the 15th century, the credencerer (cupbearer) is mentioned.

A new cookbook by Marx Rumpolt from 1585 gives an exact description of a "Mundschenck":

“A tailor should be a handsome, brave, straightforward, cheerful young man, in clothes he should be elegant and exemplary in the city. ... First of all, with a bit of bread sticking to his knife, he should touch all the food one after the other, delicately and modestly, touching everyone above and giving his master and then following all the other gentlemen who were sitting next to him, neatly and neatly, one after the other, from the same to the elderly, and gracefully cutting and advocating. ... Then Mundschenck or another deputy chamberlain with the pouring cap and pouring basin should find and give the gentleman ... so still handwash before dinner. "


  • Klaus Heller: The foreign word in the German language of the present . University of California, Leipzig 1966.

Individual evidence

  1. Lending. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 11 : K - (V). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1873 ( ).
  2. i - short cap . Walter de Gruyter, 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-031877-7 , p. 1613, 1614 ( ).
  3. Harvard University (ed.): Memoriale Thrüringisch-Erfurtische Chronik . O. Hendel, Halle 1900, p. 392 ( ).
  4. ^ WDB - Wolfenbütteler Digital Library - print / 2-3-oec-2f. S. 7.8 , accessed on May 31, 2018 .