Kurkh monolith

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The Kurkh Monollith

The Kurkh monolith is a stele , which is from the campaigns of the Assyrian King Shalmaneser III. reported in his first six years of reign, including the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC. The dates of the events are still based on the eponym officials , only later Shalmanasser goes over to counting according to years of government ( palu ). The king therefore left Nineveh on the 13th of Ayyar or Tammuz (month name damaged) and turned to Bit Adini .

The stele was excavated in 1861 by John George Taylor in Kurkh next to Bismil in the Turkish province of Diyarbakır and has been in the British Museum in London since 1863 . The description of the monolith was published by HC Rawlinson in 1870.


  • HF Russell: Shalmaneser's Campaign to Urartu in 856 BC and the historical geography of Eastern Anatolia according to the Assyrian sources. Anatolian Studies 34, 1984, 171-201.
  • Julian E. Reade: Assyrian campaigns 840-81 BC and the Babylonian frontier. Journal of Assyriology 68, 1978, 251-60.
  • Henry C. Rawlinson: Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia . 1861-1870

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Shigeo Yamada: The manipulative counting of the Euphrates crossings in the later inscriptions of Shalmaneser III. Journal of Cuneiform Studies 50, pp. 87-94, 1998
  2. Inventory number 118884 . Not to be confused with inventory number 118883