Fill in the blank test
A Cloze Test or gap test ( English cloze test ) is a test or exercise consisting of a Cloze. Fill in the blank is a text in which letters, syllables , words or parts of sentences have been left out. The test participants or students are asked to fill in the missing parts of the text (text gaps). The text parts to be used can also be given to the test person in a disordered order .
Under the name Cloze Procedure, these tests are also used to measure the legibility of a text.
With so-called gap text generators, gap tests or gap text worksheets can be easily created with computer help.
A teacher could give their students the following cloze:
- “Today I went to the __________ and bought some milk and eggs. I knew it could rain, but I forgot my ___________ and became ____. "
The words “bought some milk and eggs” refer to the location of the event, ie a supermarket, a corner shop or simply a shop. The second gap could be filled with “umbrella” or “raincoat”, while at the end the word “wet” or “drenched” fits.
- Mad Libs : The English-language improvisation game is a game of words with a given gap.
- Roland Häcker: Fill in the gap . In: Gert Ueding (ed.): Historical dictionary of rhetoric . WBG 1992 ff., Vol. 10, Darmstadt 2011, Col. 585-588.
- Ralf Lisch , Jürgen Kriz : Basics and models of content analysis. Inventory and criticism. Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag, Reinbek bei Hamburg 1978, ISBN 3-499-21117-3 , pp. 187–191.
- Wilson L. Taylor: "Cloze Procedure": A New Tool for Measuring Readability. In: Journalism Quarterly. Volume 30, 1953, pp. 415-433.