from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Liturgist or presider (from ancient Greek λειτουργός leiturgós , public servants 'from λαός / λεώς / λειτός laós / Leos / Leitos , people', 'crowd' and ἔργον Ergon 'work', 'service') is in the Christian church a name for the person in charge who leads the liturgy . This person can, but does not have to be differentiated from people who take on other functions, e.g. B. The administration of the sacraments, sermons or ordinations.

The liturgy does not always have to be a clergyman; this office can also be exercised by lay people from the community center. In addition to the leader, the participants in a service are occasionally referred to as liturgists, such as the cantor or choir, where the sung pieces of the liturgy are concerned.

Roman Catholic

The Catechism of the Catholic Church (n. 1188) states: “In a liturgical celebration the whole community is 'liturge', each one according to his task. The priesthood of the baptized is the priesthood of the whole body of Christ. Individual believers receive the sacrament of consecration in order to make Christ present as the head of the body. "

The term “liturgy” is rarely used in Roman Catholic liturgical science. The liturgical service of presiding over a divine service is usually referred to as “presiding” or “leading”. In general, authorization from the church is required for the liturgical ministerial service. This takes place in tiered form as ordination or consecration, as an institution (commissioning) or as a simple appointment, also once. The leadership of the sacramental divine services is reserved for ordained persons ( bishop , priest or deacon ), who are then called celebrants . Other religious service celebrations can also be conducted by appointed lay people .

Old Catholic

The term is also rarely used in the old Catholic language. As a rule, the leader of the divine service ( usually referred to as P. in the hymns in agreement ) has the function of liturgist, but this can be the bishop, a priest or a deacon or a non-ordained member of the community. The latter is the case with the Liturgy of the Hours or the celebration of the Word of God, the Sunday service without a priest. In the common parlance of the Old Catholic Church, the altar servers , lecturers and the cantor are often referred to as liturgists.


Liturg or presider (abbreviated to L ) is the name of the evangelical service book for a person who passes the service.

The EKD has a basic set of full-time and part-time services. "Pastor ... have the duties of the liturgist in the service." Their official costume ( gown or alb with stole ) is a visible sign of being commissioned to proclaim the word publicly (= sermon) and administer the sacraments (= administer baptism and Lord's Supper). Your leadership role in the service is to be understood in the sense of "direction and planning". The field of work of deacons or community educators can also include the leadership function as liturgist.

Individual evidence

  1. so Gotteslob 2013, p. 5 ("List of Abbreviations"): Lt = management.
  2. ^ Hermann Reifenberg : Fundamentals liturgy. Basic elements of Christian worship. Volume I. Austrian Catholic Bible Works, Klosterneuburg 1978, pp. 238–246.
  3. ^ Sigisbert and Erentrud Kraft: Basic course in liturgy. Alt-Katholischer Bistumsverlag, Bonn 1998
  4. Evangelical church service book. Agende for the Evangelical Church of the Union and for the United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany , ed. from the church leadership of the VELKD and on behalf of the council from the church chancellery of the EKU , Evangelical Main Biblical Society and from Cansteinsche Bibelanstalt Berlin / Luther-Verlag Bielefeld / Lutherisches Verlagshaus Hannover, 3rd edition 2003, z. BS 18: "This service book makes ... high demands on the competence of the liturgists, church musicians and everyone who is jointly responsible for the service."
  5. Gerd Kerl: Participants in the service . In: Christian Grethlein, Günter Ruddat (ed.): Liturgisches Kompendium . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2003, p. 213 ff., Here p. 224f.
  6. Gerd Kerl: Participants in the service . In: Christian Grethlein, Günter Ruddat (ed.): Liturgisches Kompendium . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2003, p. 213 ff., Here p. 226.