Louis Pierre Gabriel Bernard Morel-Retz

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Louis Pierre Gabriel Bernard Morel-Retz , stage name Stop (born June 3, 1825 in Dijon , † September 5, 1899 ibid), was a French painter and caricaturist .


Louis Morel-Retz was born in Dijon in 1825 as the son of court president Sébastien Morel (1787–1848) and his wife Agathe Retz (1786–1880). Following his father's request, Louis Morel-Retz first studied law at the University of Dijon. He completed his studies in 1845 and worked from then on in a Dijon law firm. After receiving his doctorate in law in 1849, he moved to a Paris law firm the following year and worked at the local court of cassation and at the Conseil d'État .

In addition to his legal training, Louis Morel-Retz took drawing lessons in Dijon. He also followed his father, who had studied painting with François Devosge and was an excellent watercolorist. In the Salon de Paris Louis Morel Retz introduced in 1857, in 1864 and 1865 his works. His painting Jésus guérissant un aveugle was acquired by the French state in 1863 for 1,500 francs . The picture later came to the church of Boufarik , in Algeria , then France . In addition to oil painting, Louis Morel-Retz worked in watercolor and published etchings. Towards the end of the Second Empire he began to work as a cartoonist under the pseudonym Stop . His humorous illustrations for the reviews of the Paris Salon in the satirical magazines Le Charivari and Le Journal amusant are best known .

Louis Morel-Retz was married to Victorine Bouchon. He died in his hometown of Dijon in 1899.



  • Henri Chabeuf: Stop (Louis Morel-Retz) 1825-1899 , Mourry, Dijon 1900
  • Raimund Rütten. The caricature between republic and censorship: image satire in France 1830 to 1880 , Jonas, Marburg 1991, ISBN 3-922561-97-7

Web links

Commons : Louis Pierre Gabriel Bernard Morel-Retz  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files