The Masnawī ( Persian مثنوى, DMG mas̱nawī , from Arabic مثنوي, DMG maṯnawī , from the Arabic rootثنى thanā , DMG ṯanā 'to lay double', Turkish mesnevi ) is a literary genre of double or two-line lines that takes on narrative, long narrative traits. These two-line lines were also used by philosophically and romantically oriented poets .
The Ghazni- born Sanai-e Ghaznawi (1080–1131), poet at the court of Bahram Shah , is considered to be the first poet to complete his work Hadiqat al-Haqa'iq (Garden of Truth) in Masnawī . However, the Sufis ( Islamic mystics ) Fariduddin Attar , Fakhr al-Dīn Ibrahīm 'Irāqī (1213-1289) and especially Rumi are famous for their Masnawī (Persian-Arabic: "Masnawiyyat"). The work by Jalal ad-Din Rumi, composed of 30,000 two-line lines, is called Persian مثنوى معنوى, DMG Mas̱nawī-ye Ma'nawī , 'Spiritual two lines'.
Amir Chosrau is known for romantic Masnawi poetry in Sabk-e Hindi ( Indian style) , who had a predilection for Nezami's quintet Pandsch Ganj (“Five Treasures”). Nezami's famous work consists of five epics.
- Georg Rosen : Mesnewi or double verses of Sheikh Mewlana Dschelal-ed-din Rumi , translated from Persian by Georg Rosen, Fr. Chr. Wilh. Vogel, Leipzig 1849
- the same: Mesnevi. [...] New edition by Friedrich Rosen , Munich 1913 ( digitized version )
- Rumis Masnawi (excerpts from the German translation of verse by Otto Höschle)
- The Conference of Birds (4600 verses in Masnawi form)
- For the designation double verse cf. here .
- Nasser Kanani: Traditional Persian Art Music: History, Musical Instruments, Structure, Execution, Characteristics. 2nd revised and expanded edition, Gardoon Verlag, Berlin 2012, p. 236 f.