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The Masnawī ( Persian مثنوى, DMG mas̱nawī , from Arabic مثنوي, DMG maṯnawī , from the Arabic rootثنى thanā , DMG ṯanā 'to lay double', Turkish mesnevi ) is a literary genre of double or two-line lines that takes on narrative, long narrative traits. These two-line lines were also used by philosophically and romantically oriented poets .

The Ghazni- born Sanai-e Ghaznawi (1080–1131), poet at the court of Bahram Shah , is considered to be the first poet to complete his work Hadiqat al-Haqa'iq (Garden of Truth) in Masnawī . However, the Sufis ( Islamic mystics ) Fariduddin Attar , Fakhr al-Dīn Ibrahīm 'Irāqī (1213-1289) and especially Rumi are famous for their Masnawī (Persian-Arabic: "Masnawiyyat"). The work by Jalal ad-Din Rumi, composed of 30,000 two-line lines, is called Persian مثنوى معنوى, DMG Mas̱nawī-ye Ma'nawī , 'Spiritual two lines'.

Nezami Ghandschawi wrote his love story Chosrou and Schirin , one of his pentalogy poems in masnawī form.

Amir Chosrau is known for romantic Masnawi poetry in Sabk-e Hindi ( Indian style) , who had a predilection for Nezami's quintet Pandsch Ganj (“Five Treasures”). Nezami's famous work consists of five epics.


  • Georg Rosen : Mesnewi or double verses of Sheikh Mewlana Dschelal-ed-din Rumi , translated from Persian by Georg Rosen, Fr. Chr. Wilh. Vogel, Leipzig 1849
  • the same: Mesnevi. [...] New edition by Friedrich Rosen , Munich 1913 ( digitized version )
  • Rumis Masnawi (excerpts from the German translation of verse by Otto Höschle)

See also

Individual evidence

  1. For the designation double verse cf. here .
  2. ^ Nasser Kanani: Traditional Persian Art Music: History, Musical Instruments, Structure, Execution, Characteristics. 2nd revised and expanded edition, Gardoon Verlag, Berlin 2012, p. 236 f.