Melchingen (noble family)

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Coat of arms: white swan wing in a blue shield

The noble lords of Melchingen have the same ancestry and the same coat of arms as the lords of Hölnstein and Lichtenstein .

The brothers Burkhard and Arnold von Melchingen are mentioned in a document between 1254 and 1318 and belonged to the circle of the Counts of Zollern , Württemberg and Hohenberg. Burkart held the title of knight in 1292. Another Burkhard von Melchingen received in 1344 from Count Eberhard II and Ulrich von Württemberg their part of Melchingen Castle as a fief. Hugo von Melchingen captured the flag of Count Niccolo de Montefeltro in the battle of Torrita in 1363 . In 1381 the brothers Renhard, Konz and Marquard were mentioned as brothers. In 1402 the brothers Märklin and Hans and their sister Adelheid were mentioned by name as the wife of Heinrich von Weitingen . Among the 232 nobles of the Count of Württemberg, a Renhard von Melchingen fought against the Hussites in 1431 in the battle of Taus .

The aforementioned Hans von Melchingen sold his part of Melchingen Castle in 1439 to Counts Heinrich, Hans and Eberhard von Werdenberg. In the feud between Hans von Rechberg and Hans von Werdenberg, the Rechberger moved from his Schramberg castle to Melchingen on September 6, 1464. What happened to Hohenmelchingen Castle in the process is not known.

As the last of the family ( apart from a hermaphrodite of the 'Melchinger' from Wurmlingen ), the Johanniterkomtur Ber (thold) of Melchingen died on June 30, 1504 in Basel. The Hohenmelchingen Castle passed into possession of Württemberg. In 1555 it was mentioned as a castle stables and was then probably used as a quarry.

Well-known representatives of Melchinger

Hugo von Melchingen in the battle of Torrita

Web links

Commons : Melchingen family  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Johann Adam Kraus (Hohenzoller Historical Society ): Hölnstein-Melchingen-Lichtenstein. (PDF; 3.4 MB)
  2. a b c Manfred Hiebl: Burgenverzeichnis A - K: Hohenmelchingen (PDF; 1.3 MB)