Human rescue

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Rescuing people is the most important task of all state security authorities and organizations with a security mandate (in Germany the BOS ). It is the primary goal in all operations.

The definition is:

" Rescue is the averting of a danger to people or animals through: Immediate life-saving measures aimed at maintaining or restoring breathing , circulation and cardiac activity and / or freeing them from a life- or health-endangering predicament (through technical rescue measures)."

This was stipulated identically in DIN 13050 ( terms in rescue services , part 1) and DIN 14011 ( terms in fire services and the corresponding fire service regulations ).

Rescue of people (especially accident rescue ) can be divided into two fields:

  • medical rescue (in particular using medical devices and medical equipment)
  • technical rescue (supported by technical devices such as hydraulic rescue kits ) from a life-threatening predicament.

In the media, the term is often rescue people and people salvage used interchangeably. In the fire brigade or rescue service , when using DIN 14011, one speaks of rescuing people or animals from a mortal danger that they cannot avoid themselves, and of salvage in connection with property or dead or lifeless people and animals. In sea ​​rescue and mountain rescue services, the word “to rescue” has been used since ancient times when one means “to rescue”.

For the Austrian fire brigades, the alert keyword for this technical operation is T11.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rainer Fritz Lick , Heinrich Schläfer: Accident rescue. Medicine and technology . Schattauer, Stuttgart / New York 1973, ISBN 978-3-7945-0326-1 ; 2nd, revised and expanded edition, ibid 1985, ISBN 3-7945-0626-X .
  2. ^ Rainer Fritz Lick, Heinrich Schläfer: Accident rescue. Medicine and technology. 1985, p. 14.
  3. Technical assistance from FF St. Oswald - St. Bartholomä