Metropolis of Lithuania

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The metropolis of Lithuania (Greek vμητροπολίτης Λιτβων ) was an Orthodox church province in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 14th century. It was subordinate to the Patriarch of Constantinople and had its seat in Nawahradak , later in Vilnius .


In 1291/92 an orthodox metropolitan (bishop) for Lithuania was mentioned in a register of the Patriarch of Constantinople, also for 1299/1300. Its seat was Nawahradak .

Since 1302/03 there was also a metropolitan area of ​​Galicia with its seat in Halitsch . In 1317, 1327 and 1329 a metropolitan of Lithuania was mentioned again.

From 1355 to 1362 Roman was appointed metropolitan by the grand dukes. From 1373/75 on Cyprianos was Metropolitan of Lithuania. From 1380 to 1382 he was also Metropolitan of Moscow, but then returned to Lithuania. In 1390 he again became Metropolitan of Moscow, and united both metropolitan seats as Metropolitan of Kiev, all of Russia and Lithuania in his person. Since then there have been no separate metropolises from Lithuania.

Metropolitan of Lithuania

  • Theophil (before April 1317-after April 1329)
  • Theodorite (1352-1354)
  • Roman (1355-1362)
  • Cyprianos (1373 / 75–1389), then Metropolitan of Kiev, all of Rus and Lithuania (1390–1406)


  • Miklosich M., Müller L: Acta patriarchatus Constantinopolitani . Vienna, 1975. p. 72, 143, 147.


  • Geizer H .: Contributions to Russian church history from Greek sources , in: Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte , XIII, 1892, p. 261
  • Павлов, Алексей Степанович: О начале Галицкой и Литовской митрополий и о первых тамошних митрополитах по византийским документальным источникам ХIV в ( About the beginning of Metropolitanates Galicia and Lithuania and on their first metropolitans in Byzantine sources of the 14th century :) in обозрение Русское , 1894, No. 5, pp. 236-241

Web links


  1. Darrouzes J .: Notitae episcopatuum ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae , Paris, 1981; Miklosich F., Müller, J: Acta et diplomata graeca medii aevi sacra et profana. Vindobonnae, 1860-1890. Vol. 1-6 .; The Register of the Patriarchate of Constantinople , ed. H. Hunger, O. Kresten, E. Kislinger, C. Cupane. Vienna, 1981-1995. T. 1-2 .; Gelzer, H .: Unprinted and insufficiently published texts of the Notitiae Episcopatuum, a contribution to the Byzantine church and administrative history , Munich, Academy of Sciences, Hist., L, Abhandlungen, XXI, 1900, Vol. III, ABTH
  2. «τά Λίτβαδα, ένορία όντα τής Μεγάλης Ρωσίας», in: Rhalles GA, Potles M. Σύνταγμα τών ϑείων καί ίερών κανό59 .ν ... Athens, 18 TVP 490-495
  3. Maybe both metropolises were identical and just had different names?
  4. ^ Member of the Synod of Constantinople
  5. His name was only mentioned in 1329, in 1317 and 1327 it may have been another metropolitan