Metternich's system

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As metternich MOORISH system is mainly referred to in the years after the Congress of Vienna 1814/1815 for suggestions of the Austrian foreign minister and later chancellor Klemens von Metternich made by the European rulers steps for restoration of political relations in Europe. This “reorganization of (old) Europe” found its conclusion and protection with the establishment of the Holy Alliance . In the period that followed, Metternich became one of the leading figures in the concert of European powers and played a key role in determining political events. Above all, his political opponents, to whom Metternich appeared as the dominant figure who almost single-handedly determined the direction of European politics, coined the term Metternich's system , which to this day is the epitome of the persecution and suppression of democracy, press and opinion and freedom of assembly applies.

The resolutions mainly contained measures against liberal and national tendencies in the population (especially students and teachers of higher education) and the prosecution of well-known liberals as so-called demagogues . For example, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn ("Turnvater Jahn") was imprisoned for five years without trial in 1819 because of the appeal for a national survey.

Professors who advocated liberal doctrines were suspended from service and were not allowed to take up a new position anywhere in the German Confederation. Another consequence of the Karlovy Vary resolutions was the censorship of the press in all member states of the German Confederation .

The system was built on three main pillars:

Attempts have been made to prop up these pillars by:

  • so-called balance of powers within Germany
  • Right to sole exercise of political power by the nobility
  • Prevent the violent seizure of power by opposition groups by all means
  • strict rejection of a constitution
  • Restoration of pre-revolutionary conditions.