The moderation cycle is the meta-process model of business moderation; it is used to structure moderation processes for the design of meetings and workshops , large group moderation and online moderation . The moderation cycle - also called Six Steps - was developed by the German pedagogue and moderation expert Josef W. Seifert in the late 1980s.
The model provides for six work phases that logically build on each other:
- Phase 1 : The so-called entry serves to let the participants arrive, to give orientation, to define goals and to do everything that helps the group to become able to work.
- Phase 2 : The second phase, called collecting , is about gathering all the topics that need to be worked on. The classic "map query" can be used for this, as well as a world café or any other method that enables the group to get a complete overview of the range of topics to be dealt with.
- Phase 3 : The third phase, select, is used by the group to make decisions about the weighting of the topics. Possible questions are: What needs to be processed? Which topics are particularly important from the perspective of the participants? Where can success be achieved most quickly? Ultimately, it is a matter of jointly determining the order in which to proceed.
- Phase 4 : Editing is the core phase of the work process. Now the collected and coordinated topics are processed. As a rule, mini-workshops, such as those provided in open space sessions, are used for this purpose. The groups work on the selected topics in a self-organized manner.
- Phase 5 : In the fifth phase, the so-called planning , the working groups present their work results and the entire group plans how to proceed with the individual proposals in order to obtain sustainable results. A to-do list is created for the implementation of the measures and decisions.
- Phase 6 : As a last phase which is completing the Moderation is provided. This phase is used to evaluate the work done, to reflect on the group process and the implementation orientation as well as to say goodbye to the participants.
A 7th phase, the follow-up, is not mandatory.
- Josef W. Seifert : Visualize - Present - Moderate, 30th edition, Gabal Verlag, Offenbach 2011, ISBN 978-3-86936-240-3 .
- Herbert Schnauber , Sabine Grabowski, Joachim Zülch: Total Quality Learning: A Guide for Learning Companies , Springer, 1997, ISBN 3-540-61408-7 .
- The moderation cycle (PDF file; 113 kB)
- Moderation cycle as a diagram
- Moderation cycle clip on YouTube (4.50 min.)