Mozart Camargo Guarnieri

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Mozart Camargo Guarnieri (born February 1, 1907 in Tietê , † January 13, 1993 in São Paulo ) was a Brazilian composer.


The son of an Italian immigrant had his first piano lessons at the age of ten with Virgínio Dias . In 1923 he came to São Paulo, where he attended the Conservatório Dramático e Musical de São Paulo , continued his piano training with Sá Pereira and Ernani Braga and studied composition and conducting with Lamberto Baldi .

In 1928 Guarnieri met Mário de Andrade , who had a decisive influence on his further work by introducing him to Brazilian folklore. In 1938 he won a study trip to Paris as an award for his work Flor de Tremembé . There he studied counterpoint, composition and musical aesthetics with Charles Koechlin , orchestral direction with Franz Rühlmann and was a student of Nadia Boulanger .

In the 1940s Guarnieri stayed several times in the USA, where he performed his works. In 1950 he published the Carta Aberta aos Músicos e Críticos do Brasil ( Open Letter to the Musicians and Critics of Brazil ), in which he critically examined the twelve-tone technique represented by Hans-Joachim Koellreutter and the group Musica viva and a profound discussion in the Brazilian Cultural scene.

Since 1945 Guarnieri was a member of the Academia Brasileira de Música . In 1960 he became director of the Conservatório Dramático e Musical in São Paulo . He also taught at the University of São Paulo, where he founded the university orchestra in 1975. His students included u. a. Osvaldo Lacerda and Almeida Prado .

In 1992 he was awarded the Gabriela Mistral Prize by the Organization of American States and received the title "Greatest Contemporary Composer of the Three Americas".


  • Sonho de Artista for piano, 1918
  • Dança Brasileira for piano, 1928
  • Canção Sertaneja for piano, 1928
  • Lembrança de Lozango Cáqui
  • Toada do Pai do Mato
  • Sai Aruê
  • A Serra da Rola Moça
  • Pedro Malasarte , Opera, 1932
  • Choro torturado
  • Dança Selvagem
  • Etudes 1–20 for piano
  • Ponteios 1–50 for piano, 1931–58
  • Sonatines 1–8 for piano
  • Piano sonata
  • Dança Negra for piano, 1946
  • Toccata
  • Sonata para Violino 1-7
  • Sonata para Celo
  • Quartetos de Cordas
  • Angústia for string quartet
  • Toada à Moda Paulista
  • Abertura Concertante
  • Symphony 1-7
  • Concerto para piano e orquestra 1-6
  • Curuca for large orchestra, 1930
  • Flor do Tremembé for chamber orchestra, 1937
  • Encantamento , 1942
  • Composição n ° 1 for violin and orchestra, 1942
  • Abertura Concertante
  • Missa Dilígite
  • Seca , cantata for soprano, mixed choir and orchestra
  • Um Homem só , Opera, 1960

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