Nazi reading school

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Nazi elite schools were in the era of National Socialism of the Party young recruitment and training. There were three types of reading schools:

The National Political Educational Institutions (NPEA, popularly: Napola) were under the patronage of the SA , SS and the Wehrmacht . There were around 35 of these. By 1941, around 6,000 students are said to have attended these institutions.

The Adolf Hitler Schools (AHS) under the supervision of the German Labor Front and the Hitler Youth were schools of the NSDAP and were not subject to the Reich Ministry of Education. The party-owned schools were called Reichsschulen from 1941 onwards .

The Reichsschule Feldafing of the NSDAP was a prominent exceptional school for the declared training of young leaders for the highest state and social leadership tasks in the sense of the then prevailing Nazi ideology . This was initially called the National Socialist German High School Starnberger See as a private school of the highest SA leadership and the NS teachers' association as well as the NSDAP.


  • Harald Scholtz: Nazi reading schools. Boarding schools as the means of rule of the Führer state. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1973, ISBN 3-525-36156-4 .
  • Christian Schneider, Cordelia Stillke, Bernd Leineweber: The legacy of Napola. An attempt at a generation history of National Socialism. Hamburger Edition, Hamburg 1996, ISBN 3-930908-25-5 .
  • Hans Günther Zempelin: The devil's cadet. Napola pupil from 1936 to 1943. Conversation with a friend. 2nd unchanged edition. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-8301-0042-6 .
  • Barbara Feller, Wolfgang Feller: The Adolf Hitler Schools. Educational Province versus Ideological Breeding Institute. Juventa, Weinheim et al. 2001, ISBN 3-7799-1413-1 ( Juventa materials ).
  • Klaus Johann: Limit and stop. The individual in the “House of Rules”. To German-language boarding school literature. Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg 2003, ISBN 3-8253-1599-1 . ( Contributions to the recent history of literature. Volume 3: 201), pp. 510-560 (chapter " Boarding school literature and Nazism" ).
  • Johannes Leeb (ed.): "We were Hitler's elite students." Former pupils of the Nazi elite schools break their silence. 7th edition. Heyne, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-453-16504-7 .