National politics

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The National Politie (pronounced [ˈnaʃonalə poˈlitsi] ) or also Politie for short is the civilian police force in the European part of the Netherlands with around 63,000 employees. It emerged in early 2013 from the Corps Landelijke Politiediensten and the corps of the 25 police regions. Henk van Essen has been head of the body since May 1, 2020.


Since a major police reform in 1994, the country was divided into 25 police regions (politieregio's), each with a regional corps (regiokorps). The Reichspolizei , established in 1945, was abolished due to the reorganization of the Dutch police in 1994 and the units and tasks of the regional police , the KLPD and the Marechaussee were housed. Since 2000, the head of the KLPD's corps has been directly subordinate to the Interior Minister (previously the Ministry of Justice).

At the beginning of 2013 there was another restructuring of the Dutch police force. Since January 1st 2013 the former 25 regional police corps, the Dutch National Police (Korps Landelijke Politiediensten) and the cooperation center of the Dutch police have formed a whole Dutch police force employing around 63,000 people.


10 police districts, each headed by a head, the national unit and the police service center form the organization of the corps. The police districts are

  1. Noord Nederland
  2. Oost Nederland
  3. Midden Nederland
  4. North Holland
  5. Amsterdam
  6. The hague
  7. Rotterdam
  8. Zeeland West Brabant
  9. Oost Brabant and
  10. Limburg.

The corps is headed by corps chief Erik Akerboom .


According to Article 3 of the Police Act (Politiewet 2012), the task of the police, under the direction of the competent authority and in accordance with the applicable legal provisions, is to ensure that the legal system is upheld and to provide assistance to those who need it. The main tasks are:

  • The investigation of criminal offenses
  • Maintaining public order
  • Monitoring road traffic
  • The emergency help
  • The execution of police duties on behalf of the judiciary


The national politics knows the following ranks or ranks:

Ranks of the Dutch Police:
Dutch Police Rank Eerste Hoofdcommissaris.png First Hoofdcommissaris
Dutch Police Rank Hoofdcommissaris.png Hoofdcommissaris
Dutch Police Rank Commissaris.png Commissaris
Dutch Police Rank Hoofdinspecteur.png Hoofdinspecteur
Dutch Police Rank Inspecteur.png Inspector
Dutch Police Rank Brigadier.png Brigadier
Dutch Police Rank Hoofdagent.png Hoofdagent
Dutch Police Rank Agent.png agent
Dutch Police Rank Surveillant.png Surveillant
Dutch Police Rank Aspirant.png Aspirant (trainee to become agent)
Dutch Police BOA.png BOA

Uniform and equipment

The previous police uniform was replaced in 2014 by a more functional and more visible one. The definitive design was chosen after a good 33,000 police officers had given their preferences in a survey. The uniform consists of the following parts:

  • Cap: The peaked cap or hat has been replaced by a sporty cap.
  • Polo shirt: The white shirt has been replaced by a dark blue polo shirt with yellow stripes on the chest, back and shoulder with either short or long sleeves. Basically, these polo shirts have police logos on the chest and back. There are also police emblems on both upper arms.
  • Operational pants: The uniform pants have been replaced by a so-called "worker" ( functional pants ). These sporty dark blue trousers have spacious pockets on both thighs.
  • Sturdy shoes: The operational shoes are similar to army boots or combat boots.
  • Protective vest: The police officers always wear their stab-proof and bullet-proof vest over their uniform. The vest is delivered with protective covers in three different colors;
    • a slipcover in fluor yellow with reflective stripes and police logo on the front and back. This protective cover is used when increased visibility is desired, e.g. B. at traffic controls.
    • a blue slipcover with police logo on the front and back for everyday use.
    • a white protective cover so that the vest can be worn underneath civilian clothing.
  • Jacket: The previously used jacket has been replaced by a so-called 'softshell jacket', which is worn under the protective vest, and an all-weather jacket, which is worn over the protective vest.

The equipment is mostly worn on the hip using a belt from the French brand GK Professional.

  • Handcuffs from the brand LIPS
  • Short baton (mostly hidden in an inside pocket in the pants)
  • Pepper spray (Defense Technology MKII)
  • Walther P5 service rifle in a Safariland holster (from 2004-2013 Walther P99Q )
  • C2000 digital radio (Nokia, Motorola or Sepura)

Also aspirants (candidates) and surveyors (supervisors) who are in training or further education to become agents or inspectors can be equipped with a service weapon if they have passed the necessary training and examinations. The service pistol from the German brand Carl Walther has been in use by the Dutch police since 1978. Since April 2013, the Walther P5 has been gradually being replaced by the new Walther P99Q service pistol.

In addition, every police officer can choose which additional equipment he carries with him. Objects such as cell phone cases, gloves, door clips, breathing masks and carrying rings for flashlights are often attached to the paddock.

Other national police units

Another national police force, the Dutch Gendarmerie ( Koninklijke Marechaussee ) with around 6,800 employees, is organizationally part of the Dutch army as a separate armed forces and has tasks such as border guards, guarding airports and personal protection for the royal family. It is responsible for the entire Kingdom of the Netherlands .

Web links


  1. Epaulettes (shoulder plates) which only display the police logo are intended for support personnel in the service of the police. This means that the employee concerned has a non-executive status and can therefore only fall back on limited investigative powers. According to Dutch law, these employees are “Buitengewoon Opsporingsambtenaar” for short: BOA, which means “extraordinary investigator”. Depending on the purpose for which they are used, BOAs have different investigative powers and, depending on this, can also be armed with appropriate weapons or wear a police uniform. However, the vast majority of BOAs are unarmed.
  1. ^ Head of corps Henk van Essen. Retrieved August 2, 2020 (Dutch).