Koninklijke Marechaussee

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Koninklijke Marechaussee

Lineup October 26, 1814
Country NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
Armed forces Dutch armed forces
Type Armed forces ( military police )
Strength 5,903 (2013)
Insinuation Ministry of Defense
Location Koningin Beatrixkazerne in The Hague
motto As het erop aankomt
march Heraldic song
commander Lieutenant General Harry van den Brink
A Toyota Hilux from the Koninklijke Marechaussee

The Koninklijke Marechaussee (pronounced [ˈkonɪŋkləkə ˌmarəʃoˈse] ) is entrusted with wide-ranging tasks as the Dutch gendarmerie . Since 1998 it has been an independent military service alongside the army , navy and air force .


Border surveillance by the Koninklijke Marechaussee

The Marechaussee is subordinate to the Ministry of Defense and has combatant status , but primarily performs civilian tasks such as monitoring the state border and, since the abolition of the Reich Police, also the police service at large airports such as Schiphol . The protection of state visits and other ceremonial events as well as personal protection for members of the royal family and the government are also part of their duties. Marechaussee has around 5,900 employees (2013).


Marechaussee with adoption was founded on 26 October 1814 by King I. Wilhelm Although modeled on the French Gendarmerie national military was organized, the king renounced the designation as gendarmerie . This was due to the anti-French resentment that was pronounced after the French occupation under Napoléon Bonaparte . However, the word marechaussee also has French roots: the maréchaussée (from maréchal , the name for mounted security forces) was a forerunner of the gendarmerie in pre-revolutionary France ( ancien régime ).

Since 1998 the Royal Marechaussee (as border guard and military police ) has been an independent unit of the Dutch armed forces .

Other police organizations

The other national police force in the Netherlands was called Korps Landelijke Politiediensten until early 2013 . Since the KLPD emerged from the former Dutch Reich Police and the Reich Police from the Marechaussee, they had a common origin. The Corps Landelijke Politiediensten has been part of the Corps Nationale Politie since 2013 .

German-Dutch cooperation

In the German-Dutch border area, the Koninklijke Marechaussee participates in a cross-border police team (GPT), together with the regional unit of the National Politics , the German Federal Police , the Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia state police. The GPT is located in Bad Bentheim .


In Buren (Gelderland) there is a small museum dedicated to the Marechaussee and its history.

Web links

Commons : Koninklijke Marechaussee  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cross-border police team 2015+ , Interreg Deutschland-Nederland, accessed on August 16, 2018.