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The state in which a device with a communication interface is not ready to receive or send data over this interface is referred to as offline . The opposite of that is online . The ON / OFF scale assumes that users can only be considered offline if they do not have any web-enabled devices or if they are completely switched off and data tracking is excluded.

A typical example of an application that works mainly offline are e-mail programs that pick up incoming e-mails and send new ones during a short connection time . The main work - reading and writing - can be done without a connection during the time. Feed readers and offline browsers work in a similar way .

Another example is the creation of sequence programs for systems or machines while they are working. The program may be written and tested offline on an external computer using 3D CAD data in order to be imported again at a later point in time (during a service or component change).

People who cannot be reached via an instant messenger or similar via the Internet are also referred to as offline in modern German .

Websites can also be offline that have ceased to operate or that certain pages are no longer available there.

Files stored on the local hard drive (especially if they are not made available to other computers via the network ) and hard copies (e.g. printouts ) are also referred to as offline .

Web links

Wiktionary: offline  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: off  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Sarah Genner: Always and everywhere online? Risks and opportunities of hyper-networking . In: Mastering "Grand Challenges" . Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, 2018, ISBN 978-3-8452-8356-2 , p. 271–286 , doi : 10.5771 / 9783845283562-271 ( [accessed on November 15, 2018]).