Ontario New Democratic Party

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Ontario New Democratic Party
Logo ONDP NEW.svg
Party leader Andrea Horwath
founding 1932/1961
Headquarters Toronto
Alignment Social democracy
Parliament seats
Website www.ontariondp.com

The Ontario New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique de l'Ontario ) is a social democratic political party in the Canadian province of Ontario . Unlike most other Canadian parties, the ONDP is an integral part of the parent party at the federal level, the New Democratic Party of Canada . This means that members of the provincial party automatically also belong to the federal party, which is usually not the case in the Canadian political system. Since the June 2018 election, the New Democrats have had 40 out of 124 MPs in the Ontario Legislative Assembly. So far they have formed the government once, from 1990 to 1995.


The NDP was founded in 1932 as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), a party of democratic socialism . The CCF Ontario saw itself as the successor to the coalition of the farmers' party United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) and the Labor Party, which had formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 under Ernest Charles Drury . Individual members of the UFO switched to the Ontario Liberal Party , but the UFO as an organization participated in the founding of the CCF Ontario and was briefly associated with it. The connection was broken in 1935, because the UFO suspected a growing influence of the communists . In 1934 the CCF first took part in the elections to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario . She got 7% ​​of the vote and won a seat in Hamilton .

In 1943, the CCF made the breakthrough: It reached 32% of the vote and became the second largest party with 34 seats, only four seats less than the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario , which formed a minority government. Before the 1945 elections, Conservative Prime Minister George Drew used the Ontario Provincial Police to spy on CCF MPs and then publish slanderous advertisements in the newspapers. Party leader Ted Jolliffe compared Drew's methods with those of the Gestapo in a radio address . As a result, the CCF slipped to only 8 seats, but was able to increase the number of seats again to 21 in 1948.

Due to the economic boom in the 1950s and the anti-communist sentiment during the Cold War , the CCF lost its popularity. Under Donald C. MacDonald the party was reformed and in 1961 changed its name to the New Democratic Party. It was able to steadily increase its share of the vote, achieved a share of 29% in the 1975 elections and pushed the conservatives who had ruled since 1943 into a minority government.

In 1985 the NDP allied itself with the Liberals and overthrew Frank Miller's conservative government with a vote of no confidence . She tolerated the new minority government of Liberal Prime Minister David Peterson , but did not participate in the government. In the 1990 elections, the NDP became the strongest party in Ontario for the first time in its history and won more than half of all seats with 37.6% of the vote. Bob Rae became Ontario's Prime Minister during the worst recession since the Great Depression . For economic reasons, the NDP could not keep many of its election promises and thereby angered its electorate. In the 1995 elections, the NDP could only hold 17 seats and fell back to third place. Since then, the NDP has never returned to its old strength.

Election results

Results of the legislative assembly elections:

Commonwealth Co-operative Federation

choice seats
proportion of
1934 90 1 7.0%
1937 90 0 5.6%
1943 90 34 31.7%
1945 90 8th 22.4%
1948 90 21st 27.0%
1951 90 2 19.1%
1955 98 3 16.5%
1959 98 5 16.7%

Ontario New Democratic Party

choice seats
be right proportion of
1963 108 7th k. A. 15.5%
1967 117 20th k. A. 25.9%
1971 117 19th k. A. 27.1%
1975 125 38 k. A. 28.9%
1977 125 33 k. A. 28.0%
1981 125 21st k. A. 21.1%
1985 125 25th 865.507 23.8%
1987 130 19th 970.813 25.7%
1990 130 74 1,509,506 37.6%
1995 130 17th 854.163 20.6%
1999 103 9 551.009 12.6%
2003 103 7th 660.730 14.7%
2007 107 10 741.043 16.8%
2011 107 17th 980.204 22.7%
2014 107 21st 1,144,822 23.7%

Party leader

P = prime minister

  • Ted Jolliffe (1942–1953)
  • Donald C. MacDonald (1953-1970)
  • Stephen Lewis (1970–1978)
  • Michael Cassidy (1978-1982)
  • Bob Rae (1982-1996) P.
  • Howard Hampton (1996-2009)
  • Andrea Horwath (since 2009)

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Elections in Ontario - Elections Ontario