Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
|Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario|
|Party leader||Tim Hudak|
The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario ( French Parti progressiste-conservateur de l'Ontario ), also known as the Ontario PC Party , is a conservative party in the Canadian province of Ontario . Although the party is ideologically similar to the Conservative Party of Canada , the two parties are organizationally independent. After the June 2018 elections, the progressive conservatives made 76 out of 124 MPs in the Ontario Legislative Assembly and with Doug Ford the Prime Minister.
The Conservative Party emerged from the Liberal-Conservative Coalition of the Province of Canada , which was led from 1854 by John A. Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier . This gave rise to the Ontario Conservative Party in 1867, led by John Sandfield Macdonald , the first prime minister of the new province. After the electoral defeat in 1871, the Catholic and non-English voters turned away from the party, which subsequently became increasingly dependent on the Orange Order . The Conservatives turned against the state funding of Catholic schools, against language rights of the Franco-Ontarians and against excessive immigration. In 1893, party member George Ryerson was elected to the Ontario Legislative Assembly.
After 33 years in the opposition, the Conservatives re-appointed James Whitney as Prime Minister, who followed a progressive course. His government founded the Ontario Hydro electricity company , but also issued the controversial Regulations 17 , which severely restricted schooling in French (the decision was eventually reversed after protests). In 1919 the Conservatives lost to the United Farmers of Ontario , but were able to put the government back in 1923. In 1934 she suffered against the Ontario Liberal Party a heavy election defeat, as the government had proved to be incapable of the social consequences of the global economic crisis to master.
In 1942 the party was renamed the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario . In 1943, the conservatives became the party with the largest number of voters again due to internal party struggles between the liberals and remained in government until 1985. Under John Robarts , the party began to campaign more and more for civil rights, the negative attitude towards the French-speaking minority was abandoned. The longest-serving Conservative Prime Minister was Bill Davis , who headed the government for 14 years from 1971. Because of its concentration of power and dominance, the party was also known as the Big Blue Machine . Under Davie, the party moved more towards the center and sometimes even took more liberal positions than the Ontario Liberal Party.
After Davis' resignation in 1985, his successor Frank Miller reoriented the party more to the right, but lost a vote of no confidence after just under four months. The Conservatives were in the opposition for the next ten years. Initially the Liberals formed the government, from 1990 the Ontario New Democratic Party . The Progressive Conservative Party slipped to third place in the electorate.
In the 1995 elections, Mike Harris succeeded in making the party the party with the largest number of voters again with a neoconservative program. His clear election victory is variously referred to as the Common Sense Revolution ("revolution of common sense "). Harris' reign was accompanied by numerous financial problems, strikes and protests. In 2002 he resigned, leaving Ernie Eves as Prime Minister, who lost the election significantly the following year.
Results of the legislative assembly elections:
- ↑ Elections in Ontario ( Memento of the original from October 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. - Ontario elections