Ottoman Studies

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Ottoman is a branch of Oriental and refers to the science of the history and culture of the Ottoman Empire . Due to the genesis of the Ottoman State, Ottoman Studies touches on the subjects of Islamic Studies and Turkic Studies , but also Arabic Studies , Iranian Studies , Byzantine Studies and the history of Southeast Europe .

Development of Ottoman Studies

In the early modern period , interpreters ( dragomaniacs ) and diplomats in particular dealt with the language, culture and history of the Ottomans. The Austrian Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1774–1856) is considered to be the actual founder of academic Ottoman studies . Not least because of its ten-volume history of the Ottoman Empire and the pronounced contacts between the Danube Monarchy and Constantinople , German-speaking scholars set the tone in Ottoman studies until the 1950s.

See also


Collection of articles on the history and status of Ottoman Studies up to 1999 in Canada, the USA, France, Greece, Israel and the Arab Gulf States (in English) as well as in Turkey, Romania, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, Japan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and Iran (in Turkish).
With contributions on the history and status of Ottoman and Turkic Studies in German-speaking countries, in the USA, China, Russia, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia and Syria (in English and Turkish) as well as in France, Japan, Hungary, Poland, Egypt, Azerbaijan and Bosnia-Herzegovina (only in Turkish) and in Algeria (in French and Turkish).
  • Virginia H. Aksan: What's up in Ottoman Studies? In: Journal of the Ottoman and Turkish Studies Association. Volume 1, No. 1–2, 2014, pp. 3–21 ( online ).
Overview article on more current (English-language) Ottoman research with numerous further references.
  • Suraiya Faroqhi: Approaching Ottoman History. An introduction to the sources. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999, ISBN 0-521-66648-1 .
  • Klaus Kreiser : The Ottoman State 1300-1922. Oldenbourg, Munich 2001, ISBN 978-3-486-58588-9 .
  • Hans Georg Majer (ed.): The states of Southeast Europe and the Ottomans. Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-925450-09-2 , full text online .
  • Maurus Reinkowski: The things of order. A comparative study of the Ottoman reform policy in the 19th century. Oldenbourg, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-486-57859-6 .

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