Out (baseball)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In baseball, an out describes any game situation in which the defending team forces a player from the attacking team to retire, so that the eliminated player has to wait for his next shot in the sequence until he is himself can bring it back into play. After three outs in an inning , the attacking team loses the right to strike.

Outs on batteries without a valid hit

If an attacking batter wants to bring himself into play against the pitcher of the defending team with a hit , the batter can get an "out" without having the chance to bring himself into play with a valid blow:

Outs at bat after a valid hit

If the batter has properly knocked a baseball thrown by the opposing pitcher into play, the defending team can score an "out" against him by preventing him from safely reaching base (i.e. preventing the hit):

  • A defender catches the ball from the air ( fly out ).
  • A defender picks up the ball after it hits the ground and
    • touches the batsman with the ball in hand or in glove before reaching base or
    • throws it to a fellow defender who is standing on the base the batsman is trying to reach.
  • Use of the (seldom performed) infield fly rule when it is “completely obvious” that the defender can catch the ball and by deliberately dropping the ball (e.g. to double play against the surprised opposing team ) Would have an advantage.

Outs at base runners

If a batter has brought himself safely to a base with a successful hit, he becomes a baserunner, whose goal is to score a point by reaching home plate . Up to three baserunners can be in play when a new batter arrives. The defending team can score outs by forcing the baserunner and / or the new batter to knock out.

Outs only against base runners

Every baserunner with the exception of the new battery is "Out":

  • If he does not reach a base before a defender with a correctly brought into play baseball in his hand touches this base, which it must reach (force out), or touches the player if he is not forced to run into base ( Day out).
  • When the baserunner starts running, a defender catches the beaten baseball out of the air, and the baserunner does not return to its starting base in time.
  • In the event of unauthorized obstruction of the defense attorney
  • In the case of gross unsportsmanlike conduct
  • In the event of a non-compliant substitution

Outs against baserunner and batter

Both baserunner and batter are "out" in the following game situations:

  • When a defender hits him between bases with a tag out baseball .
  • When you run past a base without touching it.
  • In the event of unauthorized obstruction of the defense attorney
  • If it is more than three feet (91 centimeters) from the direct line between the bases.
  • When teammates who are not out are overtaken on the bases.
  • When they touch an launched baseball without a defender touching it first.
  • In the case of gross unsportsmanlike conduct


In baseball, the defenders who are directly responsible for an “out” are rewarded with a so-called “putout”. Every player who touched the "put out" baseball gets an "assist". If z. B. a short stop can only deflect a hard hit from a batter, the ball hits the ground, the teammate on third base catches it and throws it to the teammate on first base, before the batter arrives at first base, the first baseman gets the putout, and the third baseman and the shortstop each have an assist.

Web links